The effects of personal resources - A cross-sectional study of job demands, job resources and work engagement among engineering employees
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- Institutt for psykologi 
Concerned with novel problems related to the increasingly stressful work conditions it is crucial to focus on the positive work-life resources that can increase employees’ ability to cope with work-related demands. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of personal resources on employees’ perceived amount of work engagement based on the theoretical foundation of the Job Demands-Resources model. It was hypothesised that selfefficacy and optimism would elevate levels of work engagement, as personal resources are associated with individual’s ability to successfully control and impact their environment. Hypotheses were tested among 142 engineering employees. The study was conducted with a quantitative survey between two departments at a Norwegian Oil- and Gas company. To estimate how much of the total variance in the outcome variable could be explained by personal resources when controlling for other groups of explanatory variables, a hierarchical multiple regression was conducted for work engagement. The results of the study indicate that engineering employees’ perceive job demands, organisational culture and self-efficacy as significant positive effects on work engagement. Overall, the findings of this study illustrate the need for challenging and resourceful working conditions, where employees share collective values, and believe in the ability to complete tasks and reach goals to flourish at work. Future studies should further explore personal resources by including other psychological constructs such as resilience and hope.