On the fatigue properties of a third generation aluminium-steel butt weld made by hybrid metal extrusion & bonding (HYB)
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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The present investigation is concerned with the high-cycle axial fatigue behaviour of a third generation Al-steel butt weld made by hybrid metal extrusion & bonding (HYB). In this particular weld, metallurgical bonding is achieved by a combination of microscale mechanical interlocking and intermetallic compound (IMC) formation, where the IMC layer is in the sub-micrometre range (< 1µm). During high-cycle fatigue testing this microstructure provides a high intrinsic resistance against interfacial cracking. In the as-welded condition, fatigue fracture typically initiates at the weld toe on the aluminium side of the joint due to the unfavourable effect of having a geometrical stress riser localised inside the soft heat-affected zone. Since the interfacial bond strength is not a limiting factor, the fatigue properties of the Al-steel HYB butt weld are seen to fully match those of corresponding Al-Al weldments produced by gas metal arc welding, laser beam welding and friction stir welding.