Guidelines for limiting exposure to electromagnetic fields (100 kHz to 300 GHz)
Ziegelberger, Gunde; Croft, Rodney; Feychting, Maria; Green, Adèle C.; Hirata, Akimasa; d'Inzeo, Guglielmo; Jokela, Kari; Loughran, Sarah; Marino, Carmela; Miller, Sharon; Oftedal, Gunnhild; Okuno, Tsutomu; van Rongen, Eric; Röösli, Martin; Sienkiewicz, Zenon; Tattersall, John E.H.; Watanabe, Soichi
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionHealth Physics. 2020, 118 (5), 483-524. 10.1097/HP.0000000000001210
Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are used to enable a number of modern devices, including mobile telecommunications infrastructure and phones, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth. As radiofrequency EMFs at sufficiently high power levels can adversely affect health, ICNIRP published Guidelines in 1998 for human exposure to time-varying EMFs up to 300 GHz, which included the radiofrequency EMF spectrum. Since that time, there has been a considerable body of science further addressing the relation between radiofrequency EMFs and adverse health outcomes, as well as significant developments in the technologies that use radiofrequency EMFs. Accordingly, ICNIRP has updated the radiofrequency EMF part of the 1998 Guidelines. This document presents these revised Guidelines, which provide protection for humans from exposure to EMFs from 100 kHz to 300 GHz. Health Phys. 118(5):483–524; 2020.