• Cu Interlayer-Induced High-Strength Laser-Welded AISI 304 Steel-Niobium Joint 

      Shi, Mingxiao; Li, Yanjun; Ma, Xiang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Joining niobium to austenitic stainless steel is necessary for the fabrication of particle accelerators. However, the brittle iron-niobium intermetallics formed in the joint significantly reduce the joint strength. Copper ...
    • Removal of Phosphorus in Metallurgical Silicon by Rare Earth Elements 

      Tang, Kai; Løvvik, Ole Martin; Safarian-Dastjerdi, Jafar; Ma, Xiang; Tangstad, Merete (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Removal of phosphorus in metallurgical silicon is one of the crucial steps for the production of solar grade Si feedstock. The possibility of doping rare earth elements for phosphorus removal has in this work been studied ...