Recovery of Precious Metals (Au, Ag, Pt, and Pd) from Urban Mining Through Copper Smelting
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B. 2020, 51 (4), 1495-1508. 10.1007/s11663-020-01861-5
With the aim of investigating deportments of precious metals in pyrometallurgical processing of waste electrical and electronic equipment, the distributions of selected precious metals (gold, silver, platinum, and palladium) between copper matte and three different silica-saturated slags (pure FeOx-SiO2, FeOx-SiO2-Al2O3, and FeOx-SiO2-Al2O3-CaO slag) were investigated at 1300 °C in controlled flowing CO-CO2-SO2-Ar gas atmosphere by a high-temperature isothermal equilibration technique. The phase compositions were analyzed by Electron Probe X-ray Microanalysis and Laser Ablation-High Resolution Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry. It was shown that the distribution coefficients of gold, platinum, and palladium between matte and slag (Lm/s(Me) = [Me]in matte/(Me)in slag) were very high and increased with increasing matte grade. The distributions to the matte phase were increased by adding basic oxides alumina and lime into the acidic silicate slags. The experimentally measured distribution coefficients Lm/s(Me) followed the order of platinum > palladium > gold > silver. The present experimental results can be used for upgrading thermodynamic databases for the complex recycling processes through nonferrous smelting.