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dc.contributor.authorKlemettinen, Lassi
dc.contributor.authorAvarmaa, Katri
dc.contributor.authorSukhomlinov, Dmitry
dc.contributor.authorO’Brien, Hugh
dc.contributor.authorTaskinen, Pekka
dc.contributor.authorJokilaakso, Ari
dc.identifier.citationSN Applied Sciences. 2020, 2 (3), .en_US
dc.description.abstractThe modern world continuously demands more raw materials for manufacturing all kinds of products. Nowadays, the lifetime of a single product can be very short, as is the case with electronic appliances. Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is one of the fastest growing waste categories, and one of the most promising recycling routes for WEEE is to use it as a feed material in pyrometallurgical copper smelting. This article presents new experimental observations regarding the behavior of tellurium in secondary copper smelting process, and compares the results to primary smelting experiments. In secondary smelting conditions, most of tellurium distributed into the copper phase, and the distribution coefficient between copper and slag decreased with increasing oxygen partial pressure. In the primary smelting experiments, most of tellurium was vaporized into flue dusts, and the distribution coefficient between copper matte and slag increased with increasing oxygen pressure, i.e. increasing matte grade.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleRecycling of tellurium via copper smelting processesen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalSN Applied Sciencesen_US
dc.description.localcode© The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal