An Implementation Study of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan
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In this Master’s thesis I have studied the implementation of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in Sudan. After 40 years of civil war in Sudan, the peace agreement was signed between the two warring parties, the Government of Sudan in North and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in South. The 2005 CPA initiated an interim period of six years, which ended in July 2011. My research question in this classificatory analysis has been To which degree and in what way has the Comprehensive Peace Agreement been implemented by the parties in the Sudanese civil war after the signing on 9 January 2005 and until the end of the interim period on 9 July 2011? I have studied the content of the 2005 CPA which I divided into seven dimensions. Out of these dimensions I derived ideal-typical sets of criteria based on valid distillation of the substantial intentions of the treaty. These dimensions are the measuring scales against which actual implementation is to be compared. By developing a percentual scale I have sought to grade the level of implementation within the different dimensions. My results indicate that the 2005 CPA has been far from implemented within the six-year time frame. With an average implementation level of 3.5 only one dimension scores higher than the average level; the "political issues" dimension. The least implemented dimension is "Abyei region" with a score of 2.2. The rest of the dimensions lie close to an implementation level of 3.