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dc.contributor.authorLinnell, John Durrus
dc.contributor.authorCretois, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorNilsen, Erlend Birkeland
dc.contributor.authorRolandsen, Christer Moe
dc.contributor.authorSolberg, Erling Johan
dc.contributor.authorVeiberg, Vebjørn
dc.contributor.authorKaczensky, Petra
dc.contributor.authorVan Moorter, Bram
dc.contributor.authorPanzacchi, Manuela
dc.contributor.authorRauset, Geir Rune
dc.contributor.authorKaltenborn, Bjørn Petter
dc.identifier.citationBiological Conservation. 2020, 244:108500 1-12.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe cumulative impact of human activities has driven many species into severe declines across the globe. However, the recent focus on conservation optimism has begun to highlight case studies that go against this trend. Reforestation, agricultural abandonment, reintroduction and legislative change have led to a situation where large mammals have recovered and are now widespread across the European continent. This study summarizes the knowledge about wild ungulate distribution in Europe and review the diversity of ways in which they interact with humans. Drawn from a wide range of sources, we built distribution maps of European wild ungulates. Results show that 90% of Europe is home to at least 1 species of wild native ungulate, with roe deer and wild boar occupying 74% and 64% of Europe respectively. In contrast, wild native mountain ungulates only occupy 5% of Europe, and are often associated with protected areas. The wide distribution of most European ungulates combined with the extensive human activity within Europe result in a wide range of interactions between ungulates and humans. These interactions can be classified as services or disservices depending on the value orientation and economic position of the various stakeholders perceiving this relationship. Overall, our survey highlights the success of wildlife management policies in Europe and the potential for continental scale conservation of large mammals in human-dominated landscapes. However, maintaining the success of wild ungulate conservation requires actions from national and European institutions to improve coordinated management across jurisdictional borders and sectorial coordination for the whole landscape.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleThe challenges and opportunities of coexisting with wild ungulates in the human-dominated landscapes of Europe's Anthropoceneen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Mathematics and natural scienses: 400en_US
dc.source.journalBiological Conservationen_US
dc.description.localcodeThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal