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dc.contributor.authorOttesen, Vegar
dc.contributor.authorSyverud, Kristin
dc.description.abstractAtomic force microscopy (AFM) can be used to quantitatively study nanomaterials in different media, e.g. vacuum, air, or submerged in a liquid. A technique was developed to study swelling of individual cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) using AFM. As a case study, CNFs with different degrees of crystallinity (DoC) were examined for swellability going from dry to wet (submerged in de-ionized water). Swelling was found to depend on DoC, but no significant correlation between fibril diameter and swellability was seen. Upon introduction of de-ionized water high DoC samples (65±2%) were found to have a diameter increase of 34% on average, whereas low DoC (44±2%) were found to have a diameter increase of 44% on average. A tested control, consisting of platinum nanowires on silisium, did not swell.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleSwelling of individual cellulose nanofibrils in water, role of crystallinity: an AFM studyen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.description.localcodeOpen Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal