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dc.contributor.authorFjær, Erlend Løvø
dc.contributor.authorLandet, Erling Ravnanger
dc.contributor.authorMcNamara, Courtney L.
dc.contributor.authorEikemo, Terje Andreas
dc.description.abstractBackground While the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has become increasingly popular in western societies, we do not understand why CAM use is more frequent in some countries than in others. The aim of this article is to examine the determinants of CAM use at the individual and country-level. Methods Logistic multilevel regressions were applied analyzing data from 33,371 respondents in 21 European countries (including Israel) from the seventh round of the European Social Survey. We examined CAM in terms of overall use and also dichotomized treatments into physical and consumable subgroups. Results At the individual level, we found CAM use to be associated with a range of socioeconomic, demographic and health indicators. At the country level, we found that countries’ health expenditures were positively related to the prevalence of overall and physical CAM treatments. Conclusions A common predictor for CAM use, both at the individual (in terms of education and financial strain) and country-level (in terms of health expenditures per capita), is greater resources.en_US
dc.publisherBMC (part of Springer Nature)en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleThe use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in Europeen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalBMC Complementary and Alternative Medicineen_US
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 228990en_US
dc.description.localcodeOpen Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.en_US

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