Strain visualization of growing short fatigue cracks in the heat-affected zone of a Ni–Cr–Mo–V steel welded joint: Intergranular cracking and crack closure
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping. 2019, 178 . 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2019.103992
Physically short fatigue crack growth behavior in the heat-affected zone of a Ni–Cr–Mo–V steel welded joint was investigated in-situ in SEM to reveal effects of crack closure and tortuous crack growth path on crack-tip straining behavior with the help of high resolution digital image correlation technique. The crack growth path and associated fatigue damage at microstructural scale was characterized by electron backscatter diffraction and electron channeling contrast imaging techniques. Results showed that the short crack growth was influenced by both local microstructure and global strength gradient. The short crack could deflect intergranularly when meeting with one large grain due to misfit deformation and strain localization. The crack closure, which was accompanied during loading and unloading in terms of crack surface contact, shielded the real crack-tip and manifested itself well in both compressive strain at crack wake and strain development at crack-tip. It is indicated that strain localization at lathy boundaries and formation of sub-grains was responsible for the fatigue of short cracks.