BEEF-vdW+U method applied to perovskites: thermodynamic, structural, electronic, and magnetic properties
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter. 2019, 31 (14), 1-17. 10.1088/1361-648X/aafe3e
The recently developed BEEF-vdW exchange-correlation method provides a reasonably reliable description of both long-range van der Waals interactions and short-range covalent bonding between molecules and surfaces. However, this method still suffers from the excessive electron delocalization that is connected with the self-interaction error and, consequently, the calculated chemical and physical properties such as formation energy and band gap deviate markedly from the experimental values, especially when strongly correlated systems are under investigation. In this contribution, BEEF-vdW+U calculations have been performed to study the thermodynamic, structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of La-based perovskites. An effective interaction parameter and an energy adjustment are determined simultaneously by a mixing GGA and GGA+U method, where the enthalpy or Gibbs free energy of formation of oxides containing a transition metal in different oxidation states are fitted to available experimental data. The is found to have its origin in the fact that the GGA+U method gives rise to the offsets in the total energy that include not only the desired physical correction but also an arbitrary contribution. Calculated results indicate that the BEEF-vdW method provides a more accurate description of the bonding in the O2 molecule than the PBE method and has generally smaller values for the 3d-block transition metals, thereby giving rise to band gaps and magnetic moments that are in better agreement with the experimentally measured values.