Thermoelectric properties of non-stoichiometric CaMnO3-d composites formed by redox-activated exsolution.
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of the European Ceramic Society. 2020, 40 (4), . 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.11.027
A novel synthesis route for preparing well-defined composites based on CMO (CaMnO3) has been established taking advantage of the unique phase relations in the system Ca-Mn-O at reducing- and oxidizing atmosphere, respectively. Samples corresponding to stoichiometric CMO and composites with 5 and 10 vol % of Ruddlesden-Popper (Ca4Mn3O10)- and spinel (CaMn2O4)-phases, respectively, were prepared with final densities >91 %. The presence of secondary phases significantly enhanced the electrical conductivity compared to stoichiometric CMO. The highest electrical conductivity was observed for CMO with 10 vol % spinel varying between 55 and 75 S/cm at temperatures between 100 and 900 °C. This composition also exhibited the highest figure-of-merit (zT) in this study, reaching 0.083 at 800 °C.