Mechanical Twinning is a Correlated Dynamic Process
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionScientific Reports. 2019, 9 (1), 1-13. 10.1038/s41598-019-42317-4
Plastic deformation and fracture of materials is accompanied by generation of elastic wave transients known as acoustic emissions (AE). A novel complex methodology combining the statistical analysis of distributions of time intervals between the successive AE events, and the unsupervised cluster analysis of the time series is proposed to test for possible correlations between emitting sources and to highlight their intrinsic dynamics. Aiming at revealing the essential temporal features of the twinning and dislocation dynamics, the proposed methodology was applied to the AE signals produced during plastic deformation in a magnesium alloy where both primary deformation modes - dislocation slip and twinning - operate concurrently. It has been undoubtedly demonstrated that the mechanical twinning belongs to a class of non-Poisson processes having a memory of the past in the millisecond range. As opposes to the correlated behaviour of twins, it was shown that the dislocation slip falls into the category of Poisson processes caused by independent sources.