Effect of microwave drying, calcination and aging of Pt/Al2O3 on platinum dispersion
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionCatalysts. 2018, 8 (9), 1-8. 10.3390/catal8090348
The effect of heating method employed for drying and calcination during the synthesis of 1 wt% Pt/Al2O3 catalyst was investigated. Conventional heating (CH) in resistive oven and microwave heating (MW) in single mode were applied, and the Pt dispersion and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area were measured to characterize the samples. It was evidenced that the fast and homogeneous heating offered by the microwave heating led to higher Pt dispersion. However, this benefit was only achieved when the subsequent calcination was performed in a conventional oven. The aging in microwave oven of conventionally prepared—as well as MW-prepared—catalysts demonstrated the great ability of microwave irradiation to accelerate platinum sintering. After 1 h at 800 °C under microwave, catalysts showed a dispersion of 5%. Therefore, microwave treatment should be considered for accelerated catalyst aging but should be avoided as a calcination technique for the synthesis of highly dispersed Pt/Al2O3.