Psykososialt arbeidsmiljø og psykisk helse - En kvantitativ studie om krav og ressurser i relasjon til vanlige psykiske lidelser
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- Institutt for psykologi 
The interest in psychosocial working conditions in relation to work related mental health has gradually increased in regard to its personal loss for individuals and the economical costs for society that follows. Little is known about the psychosocial working conditions within the Norwegian retail sector and how it affects their psychological well-being and mental health. This study aimed to examine the relationship between factors of the psychosocial work environment and mental health in the Norwegian retail sector by looking at how demand, control, social support and justice leadership impacts on symptoms of anxiety and depression. The study design was cross-sectional with measures of self-report. The survey consisted of validated scales from the General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social Factors at Work (QPSNordic) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The survey was undertaken by 224 participants from the retail sector in Norway (187 women, 37 men) ranging from 18-65 years old. Pearson’s r correlation analysis and multiple hierarchical regression was undertaken to address this relationship. The main findings of the study were the negative significant relationship between justice leadership and symptoms of anxiety. Contrary to earlier research there were found no significant relationships between demand, control, social support in relation to symptoms of anxiety and depression controlled for each other. These findings supports the notion that justice leadership is an important psychosocial factor that impacts on mental health.