AMADEUS: Next generation materials and solid state devices for ultra high temperature energy storage and conversion
Datas, Alejandro; Cristobal, Ana Belen; del Cañizo, Carlos; Antolin, Elisa; Beaughon, Michel; Nikolopoulos, Nikolaos; Nikolopoulos, Aristeidis; Zeneli, Myrto; Sobczak, Natalia; Polkowski, Wojciech; Tangstad, Merete; Safarian, Jafar; Trucchi, Daniele M; Bellucci, Alessandro; Girolami, Marco; Marx, Roman; Bestenlehner, Dominik; Lang, Stephan; Vitulano, Aniello; Sabbatella, Gianfranco; Marti, Antonio
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAIP Conference Proceedings. 2018, 2033 . 10.1063/1.5067168
Starting in January 2017, AMADEUS (www.amadeus-project.eu) is the first project funded by the European Commission to research on a new generation of materials and solid state devices for ultra-high temperature energy storage and conversion. By exploring storage temperatures well beyond 1000 °C the project aims at breaking the mark of ∼ 600°C rarely exceeded by current state of the art thermal energy storage (TES) systems. AMADEUS Project, through a collaborative research between seven European partners, aims to develop a novel concept of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) systems with unprecedented high energy density. One of the main objectives of the project is to create new PCMs (phase change materials) with latent heat in the range of 1000-2000 kWh/m3, an order of magnitude greater than that of typical salt-based PCMs used in concentrated solar power (CSP), along with developing advanced thermal insulation, PCM casing designs, and novel solid-state heat to power conversion technologies able to operate at temperatures in the range of 1000-2000 °C. In particular, the project will investigate Silicon-Boron alloys as PCMs and hybrid thermionic-photovoltaic (TIPV) devices for heat-to-power conversion. This paper describes the project R&D activities and the main results that have been attained during the first 6 months of work. This includes the first wettability and solubility analysis of liquid Si-B alloys, the numerical simulation of silicon phase-change and heat loss analysis through thermal insulation cover, as well as the first steps for the realization of the two main AMADEUS proof-of-concept experiments: the TIPV converter, and the full LHTES device.