Insights into size-dependent activity and active sites of Au nanoparticles supported on TS-1 for propene epoxidation with H2 and O2
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of Catalysis. 2014, 317 99-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2014.05.006
Propene epoxidation with H2/O2 is a typical structure-sensitive reaction. For a given support containing tetra-coordinated Ti species such as TS-1, the catalytic activity is greatly influenced by supported Au nanoparticle size. The identification of size-dependent activity of Au catalyst was achieved over a series of Au nanoparticles (2.6–5.1 nm) deposited on the exterior surface of TS-1 by employing uncalcined TS-1. Through this approach, we could obtain very stable Au catalysts with distinguishable and uniform-sized Au particles, which are critical for structure-sensitivity analysis. The PO formation rate (molPO s−1 molAu−1) over these catalysts was found to vary with average Au diameter (d) as d−2.7±0.3. Moreover, typical Au nanoparticles on uncalcined TS-1 appeared as truncated cuboctahedron with top facet of (1 1 1). Model calculations derived from the representative Au particle shape and the above size-dependent activity were then performed to show that corner sites of Au nanoparticles are dominant Au active sites for propene epoxidation.