Multilayer phosphorene quantum dots in an electric field: Energy levels and optical absorption
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonJournal of Applied Physics. 2018, 124 (12), 124303-1-124303-9. 10.1063/1.5048697
Triangular and hexagonal multilayer phosphorene quantum dots with armchair and zigzag terminations are investigated with the orthogonal tight-binding model. The effect of increasing the number of layers is revealed. The obtained results show that in a small size multilayer quantum dot, the edge states are as sensitive to the out-of-plane external electric fields as the edge states in a single layer dot to the in-plane external electric fields. The investigated optical absorption cross sections show that armchair phosphorene quantum dots have a regular behavior which should be useful for infrared detectors. In particular, it was found that in hexagonal armchair phosphorene dots, absorption peaks can be increased, decreased, or totally removed from the low-energy region depending on the orientation of the applied electric field. The effect of spurious doping can suppress the transitions <0.4 eV, while the effect of the finite temperature is almost negligible.