Comparative Study of the Uniaxial Cyclic Behaviour of Carbide-Bearing and Carbide-Free Bainitic Steels
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionMetals. 2018, 8 (6), . 10.3390/met8060422
Bainitic steels play an important role in the modern automotive and rail industries because of their balanced properties. Understanding the relationship between the bainitic microstructure features and the fatigue performance is a fundamental ingredient in developing safer and durable products. However, so far this relationship is not sufficiently clear. Therefore, there is the need to strengthen the knowledge within this field. The present paper aims at comparing the uniaxial cyclic behaviour of carbide-bearing and carbide-free bainitic steels. To meet this goal, fully-reversed strain-controlled tests at various strain amplitudes were performed. After the final failure, fracture surfaces were observed by transmission electron microscopy to relate the bainitic morphology to the fatigue performance. The main findings of this work show that the carbide-free lower bainite has superior fatigue performance compared to the carbide-bearing lower bainite. This is explained by the presence of stable carbides and thick bainite ferrite plates.