Experimental investigation on the effect off near walls on the eigen frequency of a low specific speed francis runner
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionMechanical systems and signal processing. 2019, 118 757-766. 10.1016/j.ymssp.2018.08.060
The importance to correctly predict the natural frequency of a turbine runner have been demonstrated several times. It is now common practice to include the added mass effect of the surrounding water when calculating the natural frequencies. In this paper the added mass effect of water on a simplified low specific speed francis turbine runner is experimentally investigated. Three cases are investigated. 1: The runner hanging in air. 2: The runner hanging in a tank of water. 3: The runner installed into the turbine housing. The measurements reveal a frequency reduction of about 40% when the runner is hanging in water. Installing the runner into the turbine housing does not significantly change the natural frequency of the main blade modes. Modes which vibrate heavily on the outside of the runner are visible in the water tank but becomes dampened when installed into the turbine housing.