A Bosonic Coherent State Path Integral Representation for Spin Systems based on a Projection Operator Implementation of the Schwinger boson number constraint
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- Institutt for fysikk 
The path integral single spin partition function in the basis of boson coherent states, for a general normal ordered two-mode Schwinger boson Hamiltonian, has been computed. Within the initial phase of the calculational process, by a specific approach, the Schwinger boson constraint by means of the projection operator has been implemented.After, the case of the Zeeman Hamiltonian has been taken on. Using the expression for the partition function obtained for the general case, the appropriate single spin partition function has been produced. Additionally, partition functions have been computed for a few specific spin quantum numbers and then compared with those calculated by the straightforward means, which brought about great confidence in the projection operator implementation; both results match perfectly. Finally, the Heisenberg Model has been tackled, and the appropriate expressions for the partition functions have been computed. Their validity has not been verified for any specific cases, but the Zeeman Hamiltonian case dealt with earlier appears to be a strong indicator that these are indeed the correct expressions. Many open questions remain, however, for future research to address. All in all, it has been discovered that using the projection operator as a means to enforce the Schwinger boson constraint, veritably works for a Zeeman Hamiltonian problem for specific spin quantum numbers.