Acute admissions among immigrants and asylum seekers to a psychiatric hospital in Norway
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2003, 38 515-519. 10.1007/s00127-003-0664-x
Objective The purpose of the present study was to compare admission rates, including admission by coercion, length of hospital stay and diagnosis among immigrants, asylum seekers and Norwegian-born patients. Material All admissions (n = 3053) to Østmarka Hospital during the period 1995–2000 were examined.A sample including all immigrants (94) and asylum seekers (39) as well as a control group of 133 Norwegians was analysed. Results Immigrants and Norwegians had the same relative risk of admission (1.07). The relative risk of admission was higher for asylum seekers compared to Norwegians (8.84). There were differences in the diagnoses given at discharge in the three groups of patients, both among men (χ2= 22.33, df = 6, p < 0.001) and women (χ2= 15.31, df = 6, p < 0.001). Schizophrenia was frequent among female immigrants. The number of admissions by coercion was highest among immigrants, and lowest among asylum seekers (χ2= 12.03, df = 2, p < 0.005).Conclusion Compared to Norwegians and immigrants, asylum seekers had high admission rates and low frequency of admissions by coercion. Schizophrenia was frequent among female immigrants admitted to hospital.