Ozone based ECF bleaching of softwood kraft pulp
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The objective of this work was to explore fundamental aspects of utilizing (DZ) and (ZD) bleaching stages in the prebleaching of oxygen delignified Scandinavian softwood kraft pulp, and compare paper properties of fully bleached pulps with a DEoD1ED2 bleached EDF reference pulp. According to the literature, the use of chlorine dioxide and ozone in combination in (DZ) and (ZD) bleaching stages seems advantageous from both environmental and economical points of view. A significant reduction in the formation of chloro-organic compounds and efficient delignification relative to chemical consumption is obtained.