Application of EBSD technique to ultrafine grained and nanostructured materials processed by severe plastic deformation: Sample preparation, parameters optimization and analysis
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionTransactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China. 2012, 22 (8), 1801-1809. 10.1016/S1003-6326(11)61390-3
With the help of FESEM, high resolution electron backscatter diffraction can investigate the grains/subgrains as small as a few tens of nanometers with a good angular resolution (∼0.5°). Fast development of EBSD speed (up to 1100 patterns per second) contributes that the number of published articles related to EBSD has been increasing sharply year by year. This paper reviews the sample preparation, parameters optimization and analysis of EBSD technique, emphasizing on the investigation of ultrafine grained and nanostructured materials processed by severe plastic deformation (SPD). Detailed and practical parameters of the electropolishing, silica polishing and ion milling have been summarized. It is shown that ion milling is a real universal and promising polishing method for EBSD preparation of almost all materials. There exists a maximum value of indexed points as a function of step size. The optimum step size depends on the magnification and the board resolution/electronic step size. Grains/subgrains and texture, and grain boundary structure are readily obtained by EBSD. Strain and stored energy may be analyzed by EBSD.