Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of 6013 Aluminum Alloy Processed by a Combination of ECAP and Preaging Treatment
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataVis full innførsel
OriginalversjonMaterials Science Forum. 2017, 877 437-443. 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.877.437
Microstructure and mechanical properties of a 6013 Al-Mg-Si-Cu aluminum alloy processed by a combination of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) and preaging treatment were comparatively investigated using quantitative X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and tensile tests. In addition, the precipitation sequences were obtained by thermodynamic calculations using the FactSage software package. Average grain sizes measured by XRD are in the range 211–501 nm while the average dislocation density is in the range 0.35-1.0 × 1014 m-2 in the deformed alloy. TEM analysis reveals that fine needle β′′ precipitates with an average length of 4-10 nm are uniformly dispersed in the preaging ECAPed alloy. The local dislocation density in this sample is as high as 2.2×1017 m-2. The strength is significantly increased in the preaging-ECAPed samples as compared to that of the undeformed counterparts. The highest yield strength among the preaging ECAPed alloys is 322 MPa. This value is about 1.25 times higher than that (258 MPa) of the static peak-aging sample. The high strength in the preaging ECAPed alloy is suggested to be related to grain size strengthening and dislocation strengthening, as well as precipitation strengthening contributed from both preaging treatment and ECAP deformation.