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Motiver for frivillighet ved norske toppfotballklubbers kamparrangement : en kvalitativ studie om hva som motiverer frivillige til å arbeide ulønnet ved norske toppfotballklubbers kamparrangement
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The purpose of this master thesis is to exam what motivates volunteers working at Norwegian elite football clubs home matches. What makes them work every other weekend without payment? To examine this, the study have completed 12 qualitative semi-structured in-depth interviews with volunteers from 3 different Norwegian elite football clubs. These interviews took place before the start of the 2016 football season. All of this is seen in light of two different main directions existing within the field of voluntary motivations at sport events. The first direction emphasizes social psychology to explain the behavioural motives of individuals. The second one looks at overarching structures and symbolic explanations in the perspective of social science. The results of this study shows that the volunteers have had different paths into their volunteer role at the football clubs. However, what they have in common is their love for the club they work for. They see themselves as supporters. The love they feel for the clubs motivates them to contribute. The relationship between the clubs and their voluntary workers may be seen as a reciprocal relationship. The volunteers give of their time to work for the clubs without any expectations of monetary rewards, but in return they get tangible and untangible benefits. The tangible benefits is seen as a positive good rather than something that motivates, but for the majority of the volunteers it is important to get to see the matches while volunteering. Intangible benefits like the opportunity to get close to the players and experience the club and elite football from the inside is also highlighted. The social aspects of their voluntary duties was highlighted as the biggest good recieved from volunteering. It also became clear that they do not want to recieve salary for their contribution to the clubs. This seems to be related to the willingness expressed by volunteers to help the club they have a special connection to. If they recieved payment, they would probably also get more commitments. Furthermore, working on a voluntary basis gives you the opportunity to take some time off whenever wished for. This way of organizing the voluntary activities makes it less of a problem to work every other weekend throughout large parts of the year.