Anxiety as a risk factor for school absenteeism: what differentiates anxious school attenders from non-attenders?
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAnnals of General Psychiatry 2013, 12(25) 10.1186/1744-859X-12-25
Background Anxiety is a major risk factor for problematic school absenteeism. However, most anxious students attend school. What differentiates anxious attenders from non-attenders? Method High school students (N = 865) were assigned to groups based on anxiety and absenteeism scores. These groups were then tested for differences in risk factor profiles using discriminant analysis. Results Anxious school attenders were less affected by negative personality traits, total number of risk factors, social anxiety, panic, and behavioural and family problems. They also displayed greater resilience. Conclusions This study indicates that the risk for problematic school absenteeism increases as the number of risk factors aggregate and that treatment for anxious school refusal should be based on a profile of the individual's risk factors.