Motivation and well-being among elite junior athletes : the role of challenge during training
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- Institutt for psykologi 
The purpose of this study was to examine motivation, positive emotions and challenge in groups of elite junior athletes. Results are discussed in terms of self-determination theory and the functional well-being approach. Men and female elite junior athletes (N=211) aged 15-19 years completed a series of online questionnaires. Results revealed that a) older athletes reported higher levels of extrinsic motivation than younger athletes, b) younger athletes reported higher levels of both eudaimonic and hedonic well-being, c) athletes in private school reported higher levels of well-being than athletes in public schools, d) challenge was more strongly associated with eudaimonic well-being, than hedonic well-being, e) in multiple regression models, younger athletes and challenging training episodes were adjusted predictors of eudaimonic feeling states, and challenging training episodes were predictors of hedonic feeling states, also when controlled for other variables. This is the first study that examines hedonia and eudaimonia in elite junior athletes in different age groups and in private/public schools, and motivational differences among elite junior athletes in private and public schools.