Do Societies benefit by a more Gender equal Education System?
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- Institutt for biologi 
Evolutionary, the two sexes have been selected for different traits, and some division in interests and activities between the genders is natural. The important thing is that both sexes are given the same opportunities and treated equally valuable. In the modern society, education has become an important factor, for both sexes, to be successful later in life. Even though the gender gap in education has decreased over the last decades, there is still a tendency that girls are underrepresented in school cross-culturally, and it is clear that some world regions and religions have lower ratio of girls in school than others. In this master thesis I have examined possible connections between more gender equality in education and different aspects of a society. I found that there are significant correlations between Number of years in school for girls in relation to boys and HDI, Life expectancy, Child mortality, Maternal mortality, Age at first marriage and Mean number of children per woman. My results also suggest possible correlations with Divorce, Population growth, Suicide and Homicide, while HIV did not turn out to correlate with Number of years in school for girls in relation to boys in my analyses.