• 10Be surface exposure dating of the deglaciation of northernmost Norway and Finland 

      Anjar, Johanna; Akçar, Naki; Lakeman, Thomas; Larsen, Eiliv; Seiler, Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      During the Last Glacial Maximum, the coast of Finnmark county, northern Norway, was covered by the Scandinavian Ice Sheet (SIS), which coalesced with the Barents Sea Ice Sheet (BSIS) off the coast. The region is thus ...
    • 2500 years of anthropogenic and climatic landscape transformation in the Stymphalia polje, Greece 

      Seguin, Joana; Bintliff, John L; Grootes, Pieter Meiert; Bauersachs, Thorsten; Dörfler, Walter; Heymann, Christian; Manning, Sturt W.; Müller, Samuel; Nadeau, Marie-Josée; Nelle, Oliver; Steier, Peter; Weber, Jan; Wild, Eva-Maria; Zagana, Eleni; Unkel, Ingmar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Lacustrine sediments generally record landscape development in the lake's catchment area controlled by palaeoclimatic and human induced changes. To improve our understanding on the anthropogenic and climatic influences on ...
    • A 5700 year-old human genome and oral microbiome from chewed birch pitch 

      Jensen, Theis Zetner Trolle; Niemann, Jonas; Iversen, Katrine Højholt; Fotakis, Anna K.; Gopalakrishnan, Shyam; Vågene, Åshild J; Pedersen, Mikkel Winther; Sinding, Mikkel-Holger S.; Ellegaard, Martin R; Allentoft, Morten E.; Lanigan, Liam T; Taurozzi, Alberto J; Nielsen, Sofie Holtsmark; Dee, Michael W; Mortensen, Martin; Christensen, Mads C; Sørensen, Søren; Collins, Matthew J; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius; Sikora, Martin; Rasmussen, Simon; Schroeder, Hannes (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The rise of ancient genomics has revolutionised our understanding of human prehistory but this work depends on the availability of suitable samples. Here we present a complete ancienthuman genome and oral microbiome sequenced ...
    • A Discovery of Quite Exceptional Proportions: Controversies in the Wake of Anders Nummedal’s Discoveries of Norway’s First Inhabitants 

      Breivik, Heidi Mjelva; Ellingsen, Ellen J. Grav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Around the beginning of the twentieth century archaeologists believed that Norway was not inhabited until the Late Stone Age. In 1909 two pieces of flint, found by the school-teacher Anders Nummedal, launched an extensive ...
    • A mega-cryptic species complex hidden among one of the most common annelids in the North East Atlantic 

      Nygren, Arne; Parapar, Julio; Meissner, Karin; Pons, Joan; Bakken, Torkild; Kongsrud, Jon Anders; Gaeva, Daria; Oug, Eivind; Sirkoski, Andrey; Johansen, Robert Andre; Hutchings, Pat; Lavasque, Nicolas; Capa Corrales, Maria (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We investigate mitochondrial (COI, 16S rDNA) and nuclear (ITS2, 28S rDNA) genetic structure of North East Atlantic lineages of Terebellides, a genus of sedentary annelids mainly inhabiting continental shelf and slope ...
    • A new surface gliding species of Chironomidae: An independent invasion of marine environments and its evolutionary implications 

      Qi, Xin; Lin, Xiaolong; Ekrem, Torbjørn; Beutel, Rolf Georg; Song, Chao; Orlov, Igor; Chen, Chun-Tang; Wang, Xin-hua (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Insects have invaded marine habitats only rarely and secondarily. Recently, we discovered a flightless dipteran species skating rapidly on the surface of seawater ponds at the Pacific coast of eastern China. Morphological ...
    • A preboreal elk (Alces alces L., 1758) antler from south-eastern Norway 

      Grøndahl, Finn Audun; Hufthammer, Anne Karin; Dahl, Svein Olaf; Rosvold, Jørgen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      In 1895 a shed elk antler was found in a mire on a farm near Fluberg, in Søndre Land municipality in south-eastern Norway. The antler was first radiocarbon dated in 2008 and yielded the age 9,100 ± 50 BP (8,340 – 8,250 ...
    • A regional study of the genus Phyllopsora (Ramalinaceae) in Asia and Melanesia 

      Kistenich, Sonja Daniela; Bendiksby, Mika; Vairappan, Charles S.; Weerakoon, Gothamie; Wijesundara, Siril; Wolseley, Patricia; Timdal, Einar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Phyllopsora is a crustose to squamulose lichen genus inhabiting the bark of trees in moist tropical forests and rainforests. Species identification is generally challenging and is mainly based on ascospore morphology, ...
    • A review of Norwegian Gymnometriocnemus (Diptera, Chironomidae) including the description of two new species and a new name for Gymnometriocnemus volitans (Goetghebuer) sensu Brundin 

      Stur, Elisabeth; Ekrem, Torbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Abstract Examination of the syntypes of Metriocnemus volitans Goetghebuer, 1940 revealed that these specimens belong to the genus Chaetocladius and are not con-specific with Gymnometriocnemus volitans (Goetghebuer, 1940) ...
    • Advancing the use of molecular methods for routine freshwater macroinvertebrate biomonitoring – the need for calibration experiments 

      Blackman, Rosetta C.; Mächler, Elvira; Altermatt, Florian; Arnold, Amanda; Beja, Pedro; Boets, Pieter; Egeter, Bastian; Elbrecht, Vasco; Filipe, Ana Filipa; Jones, J. Iwan; Macher, Jan N.; Majaneva, Markus; Martins, Filipa M. S.; Múrria, Cesc; Meissner, Kristian; Pawlowski, Jan; Shmidt Yáñez, Paul L.; Zizka, Vera M. A.; Leese, Florian; Price, Ben; Deiner, Kristy (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Over the last decade, steady advancements have been made in the use of DNA-based methods for detection of species in a wide range of ecosystems. This progress has culminated in molecular monitoring methods being employed ...
    • Alien plants, animals, fungi and algae in Norway: an inventory of neobiota 

      Sandvik, Hanno; Dolmen, Dag; Elven, Reidar; Falkenhaug, Tone; Forsgren, Elisabet; Hansen, Haakon; Hassel, Kristian; Husa, Vivian; Kjærstad, Gaute; Ødegaard, Frode; Pedersen, Hans Christian; Solheim, Halvor; Stokke, Bård Gunnar; Åsen, Per Arvid; Åström, Sandra Charlotte Helene; Brandrud, Tor Erik; Elven, Hallvard; Endrestøl, Anders; Finstad, Anders Gravbrøt; Fredriksen, Stein; Gammelmo, Øivind; Gjershaug, Jan Ove; Gulliksen, Bjørn; Hamnes, Inger Sofie; Hatteland, Bjørn Arild; Hegre, Hanne; Hesthagen, Trygve H.; Jelmert, Anders; Jensen, Thomas Correll; Johnsen, Stein Ivar; Karlsbakk, Egil; Magnusson, Christer; Nedreaas, Kjell Harald; Nordén, Björn; Oug, Eivind; Pedersen, Oddvar; Pedersen, Per Anker; Sjøtun, Kjersti; Skei, Jon Kristian; Solstad, Heidi; Sundheim, Leif; Swenson, Jon; Syvertsen, Per Ole; Talgø, Venche; Vandvik, Vigdis; Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Wienerroither, Rupert; Ytrehus, Bjørnar; Hilmo, Olga; Henriksen, Snorre; Gederaas, Lisbeth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We present the results of an inventory and status assessment of alien species in Norway. The inventory covered all known multicellular neobiota, 2496 in total, 1039 of which were classified as naturalised. The latter ...
    • An effective method for the recapture of escaped farmed salmon 

      Chittenden, Cedar; Rikardsen, Audun H.; Skilbrei, Ove Tommy; Davidsen, Jan Grimsrud; Halttunen, Elina; Skardhamar, Jofrid; McKinley, R. Scott (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      ABSTRACT: The search for effective strategies to prevent and mitigate accidental releases of aquaculture fishes is on-going. To test a new recapture strategy and evaluate the individual dispersal behaviour of escaped farmed ...
    • An expanded mammal mitogenome dataset from Southeast Asia 

      Salleh, Faezah Mohd; Ramos-Madrigal, Jazmín; Peñaloza, Fernando; Liu, Shanlin; Sinding, Mikkel Holger Strander; Patel, Riddhi P.; Martins, Renata; Lenz, Dorina; Fickel, Jörns; Roos, Christian; Shamsir, Mohd Shahir; Azman, Mohammad Shahfiz; Lim, Burton K.; Rossiter, Stephen J.; Wilting, Andreas; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Southeast (SE) Asia is 1 of the most biodiverse regions in the world, and it holds approximately 20% of all mammal species. Despite this, the majority of SE Asia's genetic diversity is still poorly characterized. The growing ...
    • An ‛Aukward’ tale: a genetic approach to discover the whereabouts of the last Great Auks 

      Thomas, Jessica E; Carvalho, Gary R.; Haile, James; Martin, Michael David; Castruita, Jose A. Samaniego; Niemann, Jonas; Sinding, Mikkel Holger Strander; Sandoval-Velasco, Marcela; Rawlence, Nicolas J.; Fuller, Errol; Fjeldså, Jon; Hofreiter, Michael; Stewart, John R; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius; Knapp, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      One hundred and seventy-three years ago, the last two Great Auks, Pinguinus impennis, ever reliably seen were killed. Their internal organs can be found in the collections of the Natural History Museum of Denmark, but the ...
    • Ancient and modern genomes unravel the evolutionary history of the rhinoceros family 

      Liu, Shanlin; Westbury, Michael V; Dussex, Nicolas; Mitchell, Kieren J.; Sinding, Mikkel-Holger S.; Heintzman, Peter D.; Duchêne, David A.; Kapp, Joshua D.; von Seth, Johanna; Heiniger, Holly; Sánchez-Barreiro, Fatima; Margaryan, Ashot; André-Olsen, Remi; De Cahsan, Binia; Meng, Guanliang; Yang, Chentao; Chen, Lei; van der Valk, Tom; Moodley, Yoshan; Rookmaaker, Kees; Bruford, Michael W.; Ryder, Oliver; Steiner, Cynthia; Bruins-van Sonsbeek, Linda G. R.; Vartanyan, Sergey; Guo, Chunxue; Cooper, Alan; Kosintsev, Pavel; Kirillova, Irina V.; Lister, Adrian M.; Marques-Bonet, Tomas; Gopalakrishnan, Shyam; Dunn, Robert R.; Lorenzen, Eline D.; Shapiro, Beth; Zhang, Guojie; Antoine, Pierre-Olivier; Dalén, Love; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Only five species of the once-diverse Rhinocerotidae remain, making the reconstruction of their evolutionary history a challenge to biologists since Darwin. We sequenced genomes from five rhinoceros species (three extinct ...
    • Ancient and modern stickleback genomes reveal the demographic constraints on adaptation 

      Kirch, Melanie; Romundset, Anders; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius; Jones, Felicity C.; Foote, Andrew (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Adaptation is typically studied by comparing modern populations with contrasting environments. Individuals persisting in the ancestral habitat are typically used to represent the ancestral founding population; however, it ...
    • Ancient DNA reveals the timing and persistence of organellar genetic bottlenecks over 3,000 years of sunflower domestication and improvement 

      Wales, Nathan; Akman, Melis; Watson, Ray H B; Sánchez Barreiro, Fatima; Smith, Bruce D; Gremillion, Kristen J; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius; Blackman, Benjamin K (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Here, we report a comprehensive paleogenomic study of archaeological and ethnographic sunflower remains that provides significant new insights into the process of domestication of this important crop. DNA from both ancient ...
    • Ancient DNA suggests modern wolves trace their origin to a Late Pleistocene expansion from Beringia 

      Loog, Liisa; Thalmann, Olaf; Sinding, Mikkel Holger Strander; Schuenemann, Verena J.; Perri, Angela; Germonpré, Mietje; Bocherens, Herve; Witt, Kelsey E.; Samaniego Castruita, José Alfredo; Velasco, Marcela Sandoval; Lundstrøm, Inge K.C.; Wales, Nathan; Sonet, Gontran; Frantz, Laurent; Schroeder, Hannes; Budd, Jane; Jimenez, Elodie-Laure; Fedorov, Sergey; Gasparyan, Boris; Kandel, Andrew W.; Lázničková-Galetová, Martina; Napierala, Hannes; Uerpmann, Hans-Peter; Nikolskiy, Pavel A.; Pavlova, Elena Y.; Pitulko, Vladimir V.; Herzig, Karl-Heinz; Malhi, Ripan S.; Willerslev, Eske; Hansen, Anders J.; Dobney, Keith; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius; Krause, Johannes; Larson, Greger; Eriksson, Anders; Manica, Andrea (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Grey wolves (Canis lupus) are one of the few large terrestrial carnivores that have maintained a wide geographical distribution across the Northern Hemisphere throughout the Pleistocene and Holocene. Recent genetic studies ...
    • Ancient genomes from Iceland reveal the making of a human population 

      Ebenesersdóttir, Sigríður Sunna; Sandoval-Velasco, Marcela; Gunnarsdóttir, Ellen D.; Jagadeesan, Anuradha; Guðmundsdóttir, Valdís B.; Thordardóttir, Elísabet L.; Einarsdóttir, Margrét S.; Moore, Kristjan H. S.; Sigurðsson, Ásgeir; Magnúsdóttir, Droplaug N.; Jónsson, Hákon; Snorradóttir, Steinunn; Hovig, Eivind; Møller, Pål; Kockum, Ingrid; Olsson, Tomas; Alfredsson, Lars; Hansen, Thomas F.; Werge, Thomas; Cavalleri, Gianpiero L.; Gilbert, Edmund; Lalueza-Fox, Carles; Walser III, Joe W.; Kristjánsdóttir, Steinunn; Gopalakrishnan, Shyam; Arnadottir, Lilja; Magnússon, Ólafur Þ.; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius; Stefánsson, Kári; Helgason, Agnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Opportunities to directly study the founding of a human population and its subsequent evolutionary history are rare. Using genome sequence data from 27 ancient Icelanders, we demonstrate that they are a combination of ...
    • Ancient origin and maternal inheritance of blue cuckoo eggs 

      Røskaft, Eivin; Møller, Anders P.; Liang, Wei; Sorenson, Michael D; Yang, Canchao; Takasu, Fugo; Stokke, Bård Gunnar; Fossøy, Frode; Moksnes, Arne; Ekrem, Torbjørn; Rutila, Jarkko (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Maternal inheritance via the female-specific W chromosome was long ago proposed as a potential solution to the evolutionary enigma of co-existing host-specific races (or ‘gentes’) in avian brood parasites. Here we report ...