• Associations between attitudes towards scientific misconduct and self-reported behavior 

      Holm, Søren; Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We investigate the relationship between doctoral students’ attitudes towards scientific misconduct and their self-reported behavior. 203 questionnaires were distributed to doctoral candidates at the Faculty of Medicine, ...
    • Bariatric surgery for obese children and adolescents: a review of the moral challenges 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background Bariatric surgery for children and adolescents is becoming widespread. However, the evidence is still scarce and of poor quality, and many of the patients are too young to consent. This poses a series of moral ...
    • Barriers and facilitators for guideline adherence in diagnostic imaging: an explorative study of GPs’ and radiologists’ perspectives 

      Gransjøen, Ann Mari; Wiig, Siri; Lysdahl, Kristin Bakke; Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background Diagnostic imaging has been a part of medicine for the last century. It has been difficult to implement guidelines in this field, and unwarranted imaging has been a frequent problem. Some work has been done to ...
    • Blodforyngelse 

      Hofmann, Bjørn; Olaussen, Richard W (Journal article, 2017)
    • Complex health care interventions: Characteristics relevant for ethical analysis in health technology assessment 

      Lysdahl, Kristin Bakke; Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Complexity entails methodological challenges in assessing health care interventions. In order to address these challenges, a series of characteristics of complexity have been identified in the Health Technology Assessment ...
    • Do health professionals have a prototype concept of disease? The answer is no 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background Health and disease are core concepts in health care and have attracted substantial interest and controversy. In recent and interesting contributions to the debate it has been argued that the challenges with ...
    • Døden og teknologien 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article, 2017)
    • Ethical analysis in HTA of complex health interventions 

      Lysdahl, Kristin Bakke; Oortwijn, Wija; Wilt, Gert Jan van der; Refolo, Pietro; Sacchini, Dario; Mozygemba, Kati; Gerhardus, Ansgar; Brereton, Louise; Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: In the field of health technology assessment (HTA), there are several approaches that can be used for ethical analysis. However, there is a scarcity of literature that critically evaluates and compares the ...
    • Ethical issues with colorectal cancer screening—a systematic review 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Rationale, aims, and objectives Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is widely recommended and implemented. However, sometimes CRC screening is not implemented despite good evidence, and some types of CRC screening are ...
    • Etiske aspekter ved behandling av fedme 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Fedme er et stort og voksende helseproblem, og en rekke tiltak er iverksatt for å forebygge og behandle den. Der slik behandling bedrer helsen til individer og befolkningen, er det et gode, men slik behandling gir også en ...
    • Etiske utfordringer med non-invasive prenatale tester (NIPT) 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Analyser av cellefritt DNA fra foster i gravide kvinners blod gir nye muligheter innen fosterdiagnostikk: Testene er bedre enn eksisterende tester, de reduserer risikoen og er billigere. Flere land har tatt i bruk disse ...
    • Etiske utfordringer med nyere reproduksjonsteknologi 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Moderne teknologi gir fantastiske muligheter for menneskelig formering. Mange som tidligere ikke kunne få barn, eller som fikk syke barn, kan nå hjelpes. Samtidig reiser mulighetene en rekke vanskelige moralske spørsmål, ...
    • Evaluating Ethical Frameworks for the Assessment of Human Cognitive Enhancement Applications 

      Forsberg, Ellen-Marie; Shelley-Egan, Clare; Thorstensen, Erik; Landeweerd, Laurens; Hofmann, Bjørn (SpringerBriefs in Ethics;, Book, 2017)
      This book offers the policy-maker or decision-maker key insights and practical information regarding the features of ethics frameworks best suited to the ethical assessment of human cognitive enhancement (HCE) applications, ...
    • Fake facts and alternative truths in medical research 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background Fake news and alternative facts have become commonplace in these so-called “post-factual times.” What about medical research - are scientific facts fake as well? Many recent disclosures have fueled the claim ...
    • Fallacies in the arguments for new technology: the case of proton therapy 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2009)
      In a seminal article in the Journal of Medical Ethics, Søren Holm and Tuja Takala analysed two protechnology arguments in bioethics: the hopeful principle and the automatic escalator. They showed how these arguments relate ...
    • Fra forskning til helsepolitisk beslutning. Hva er en god metodevurdering i en beslutningsprosess? 

      Hviding, Krystyna; Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Ny medisinsk teknologi gir nye muligheter for diagnostikk og behandling som gir bedre livskvalitet og helse for pasienter og samfunn. Samtidig øker gapet mellom hva som teknologisk er mulig å gjøre og hva som er ressursmessig ...
    • Fremtidens fosterdiagnostikk 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Others, 2017)
      En ny blodtest av gravide utfordrer dagens fosterdiagnostikk og gjør at vi må vurdere alternative måter å organisere fosterdiagnostikken på. Her presenteres seks ulike alternativer som tar hensyn til de grunnleggende etiske ...
    • Getting personal on overdiagnosis: On defining overdiagnosis from the perspective of the individual person 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      How can overdiagnosis be defined, explained, and estimated on an individual level? The answers to this question are essential for persons to be able to make informed choices and give valid consents for tests. Traditional ...
    • Grenseløs sykeliggjøring 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Others, 2017)
    • Health Technology Assessment – science or art? 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The founding disciplines of HTA are clearly scientific, and have been firmly based among the natural sciences. However, common definitions of HTA indicate that HTA is something more than the “pure application of science”. ...