Now showing items 21-40 of 52

    • Grenseløs sykeliggjøring 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Others, 2017)
    • Health Technology Assessment – science or art? 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The founding disciplines of HTA are clearly scientific, and have been firmly based among the natural sciences. However, common definitions of HTA indicate that HTA is something more than the “pure application of science”. ...
    • Health Technology Assessment – science or art? 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The founding disciplines of HTA are clearly scientific, and have been firmly based among the natural sciences. However, common definitions of HTA indicate that HTA is something more than the “pure application of science”. ...
    • How medical technologies shape the experience of illness 

      Hofmann, Bjørn; Svenaeus, Fredrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In this article we explore how diagnostic and therapeutic technologies shape the lived experiences of illness for patients. By analysing a wide range of examples, we identify six ways that technology can (trans)form the ...
    • Image rejects in general direct digital radiography 

      Hofmann, Bjørn; Rosanowsky, Tine Blomberg; Jensen, Camilla; Wah, Kenneth Hong Ching (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Background: The number of rejected images is an indicator of image quality and unnecessary imaging at a radiology department. Image reject analysis was frequent in the film era, but comparably few and small studies have ...
    • In pursuit of goodness in bioethics: Analysis of an exemplary article 

      Hofmann, Bjørn; Magelssen, Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background What is good bioethics? Addressing this question is key for reinforcing and developing the field. In particular, a discussion of potential quality criteria can heighten awareness and contribute to the quality ...
    • Incidental findings of uncertain significance: To know or not to know--that is not the question 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Background Although the “right not to know” is well established in international regulations, it has been heavily debated. Ubiquitous results from extended exome and genome analysis have challenged the right not to know. ...
    • Investigating the Reliability and Factor Structure of Kalichman’s “Survey 2: Research Misconduct” Questionnaire: A Post Hoc Analysis Among Biomedical Doctoral Students in Scandinavia 

      Holm, Søren; Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      A precondition for reducing scientific misconduct is evidence about scientists’ attitudes. We need reliable survey instruments, and this study investigates the reliability of Kalichman’s “Survey 2: research misconduct” ...
    • "Kan slankeoperasjon være noe for deg?" En studie av hvordan private klinikker informerer om fedmekirurgi 

      Groven, Karen Synne; Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Bakgrunn: Beslutninger om behandling tas ofte på grunnlag av informasjon på internett. I denne studien har vi undersøkt hvordan privatklinikker informerer om fedmekirurgi på sine nettsider. n Metode: Vi har benyttet en ...
    • Limits to human enhancement: Nature, disease, therapy or betterment? 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background New technologies facilitate the enhancement of a wide range of human dispositions, capacities, or abilities. While it is argued that we need to set limits to human enhancement, it is unclear where we should ...
    • Looking for trouble? Diagnostics expanding disease and producing patients 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Novel tests give great opportunities for earlier and more precise diagnostics. At the same time, new tests expand disease, produce patients, and cause unnecessary harm in overdiagnosis and overtreatment. How can we evaluate ...
    • Mannlig infertilitet: Intracytoplasmatisk spermieinjeksjon (ICSI) med spermier uthentet fra bitestikkel eller testikkel 

      Holte, Therese Opsahl; Hofmann, Bjørn; Lie, Rolv T; Norderhaug, Inger Natvig; Romundstad, Pål; Sæterdal, Ingvil von Mehren; Ørstavik, Karen Helene; Tanbo, Tom Gunnar (Rapport fra Kunnskapssenteret;, Research report, 2007)
      Sosial- og helsedirektoratet har bedt Kunnskapssenteret gå gjennom vitenskapelig dokumentasjon om emnet og besvare følgende spørsmål: "Ved ufrivillig barnløshet på grunn av mannlig infertilitet, hva er effekten av ...
    • Medikalisering og overdiagnostikk i et Nordisk perspektiv 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Chapter, 2017)
    • Moral challenges with surgical treatment of type 2 diabetes 

      Hofmann, Bjørn; Hjelmesæth, Jøran; Søvik, Torgeir Thorson (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      To review the most important moral challenges following from the widespread use of bariatric surgery for type 2 diabetes for patients with BMI < 35 kg/m2, although high quality evidence for its short and long term effectiveness ...
    • New diagnostic tests: more harm than good 

      Hofmann, Bjørn; Welch, Gilbert (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Although new diagnostics may advance the time of diagnoses in selected patients, they will increase the frequency of false alarms, overdiagnosis, and overtreatment in others. Bjorn Hofmann and H. Gilbert Welch explain how ...
    • Nudging in screening: Literature review and ethical guidance 

      Hofmann, Bjørn; Stanak, Michal (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Objectives Nudging is the purposeful alteration of choices presented to people that aims to make them choose in predicted ways. While nudging has been used to assure high uptake and good outcome of screening programs, it ...
    • Omtak av røntgenbilder - en radiograffaglig utfordring 

      Karlsen, Linn; Alizai, Nayab; Hassan, Bile Abdidaad; Mahamud, Samsam Ilyaas (Bachelor thesis, 2020)
      Introduksjon: Omtak er en radiograffaglig utfordring. Høyt omtak av røntgenbilder kan tyde på lav radiograffaglig kompetanse. Omtaksanalyser er et godt hjelpemiddel for å kartlegge omtak. Hensikt: Vi vil kartlegge ...
    • PGD-ens paradokser 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Bakgrunn: Preimplantasjonsgenetisk diagnostikk (PGD) er en genetisk undersøkelse av befruktede egg før de settes inn i livmoren i forbindelse med assistert reproduksjon. Hensikten med PGD er å unngå at det fremtidige barnet ...
    • PGD-ens paradokser 

      Hofmann, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Bakgrunn: Preimplantasjonsgenetisk diagnostikk (PGD) er en genetisk undersøkelse av befruktede egg før de settes inn i livmoren i forbindelse med assistert reproduksjon. Hensikten med PGD er å unngå at det fremtidige barnet ...
    • Q-SEA – a tool for quality assessment of ethics analyses conducted as part of Health technology assessments 

      Scott, Anna Mae; Hofmann, Bjørn; Gutiérrez-Ibarluzea, Iñaki; Lysdahl, Kristin Bakke; Sandman, Lars; Bombard, Yvonne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Introduction: Assessment of ethics issues is an important part of health technology assessments (HTA). However, in terms of existence of quality assessment tools, ethics for HTA is methodologically underdeveloped in ...