• A Complex Interaction between Rickettsia conorii and Dickkopf-1 - Potential Role in Immune Evasion Mechanisms in Endothelial Cells 

      Astrup, Elisabeth; Lekva, Tove; Davi, Giovanni; Otterdal, Kari; Santilli, Francesca; Øie, Erik; Halvorsen, Bente; Damås, Jan Kristian; Raoult, Didier; Vitale, Giustina; Olano, Juan P; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The pathophysiological hallmark of spotted fever group rickettsioses comprises vascular inflammation. Based on the emerging importance of the wingless (Wnt) pathways in inflammation and vascular biology, we hypothesized ...
    • Absence of NLRP3 Inflammasome in Hematopoietic Cells Reduces Adverse Remodeling After Experimental Myocardial Infarction 

      Louwe, Maria Cornelia; Olsen, Maria Belland; Kaasbøll, Ole Jørgen; Yang, Kuan; Fosshaug, Linn Elisabeth Lillerud; Alfsnes, Katrine; Øgaard, Jonas; Rashidi, Azita; Skulberg, Vidar Magne; Yang, Mingyi; Fonseca, Davi de Miranda; Sharma, Animesh; Aronsen, Jan Magnus; Schrumpf, Elisabeth; Ahmed, Muhammad Shakil; Dahl, Christen Peder; Nyman, Tuula Anneli; Ueland, Thor; Melum, Espen; Halvorsen, Bente; Bjørås, Magnar; Attramadal, Håvard; Sjaastad, Ivar; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      An inflammatory response is required for tissue healing after a myocardial infarction (MI), but the process must be balanced to prevent maladaptive remodeling. This study shows that improved survival and cardiac function ...
    • Acute heart failure following myocardial infarction: complement activation correlates with the severity of heart failure in patients developing cardiogenic shock 

      Orrem, Hilde Lang; Nilsson, Per; Pischke, Søren Erik; Grindheim, Guro; Garred, Peter; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Husebye, Trygve Guttorm; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Aims Heart failure (HF) is an impending complication to myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that the degree of complement activation reflects severity of HF following acute myocardial infarction. Methods and ...
    • Anti-inflammatory effects of non-statin low-density lipoprotein cholesterol-lowering drugs: an unused potential? 

      Hovland, Anders; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Halvorsen, Bente Evy; Aukrust, Pål; Lappegård, Knut Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Objectives. Inflammatory responses are closely knit with low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol in driving atherosclerosis. Even if LDL-cholesterol is causative to atherosclerotic diseases and LDL-cholesterol lowering ...
    • Atherogenic Lipid Ratios Related to Myeloperoxidase and C-Reactive Protein Levels in Psychotic Disorders 

      Reponen, Elina Johanna; Dieset, Ingrid; Tesli, Martin Steen; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Aas, Monica; Vedal, Trude Seselie Jahr; Haug, Elisabeth; Drange, Ole Kristian; Steen, Nils Eiel; Hope, Sigrun; Szabo, Attila; Gohar, Sherif Mostafa Mohamed Ahmed; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Djurovic, Srdjan; Melle, Ingrid; Aukrust, Pål; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of premature death in patients with psychotic disorders, where dyslipidemia occurs frequently. In the pathogenesis of these serious mental disorders, a low-grade ...
    • Cholesterol crystals activate the lectin complement pathway via ficolin-2 and mannose-binding lectin: Implications for the progression of atherosclerosis 

      Pilely, Katrine; Rosbjerg, Anne; Genster, Ninette; Gál, Peter; Pál, Gábor; Halvorsen, Bente; Holm, Sverre; Aukrust, Pål; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Nervik, Ingunn; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bartels, Emil D.; Stahl, Gregory L.; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje; Garred, Peter (Journal article, 2016)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) play an essential role in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. CC activate the classical and the alternative complement pathways, but the role of the lectin pathway is unknown. We hypothesized ...
    • Cholesterol crystals use complement to increase NLRP3 signaling pathways in coronary and carotid atherosclerosis 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bakke, Siril S.; Gregersen, Ida; Holm, Sverre; Sandanger, Øystein; Orrem, Hilde Lang; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Ryan, Liv; Kong, Xiang Yi; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Skjelland, Mona; Sørensen, Kirsten; Rokstad, Anne Mari A.; Yndestad, Arne; Latz, Eicke; Gullestad, Lars; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Halvorsen, Bente; Espevik, Terje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: During atherogenesis, cholesterol precipitates into cholesterol crystals (CC) in the vessel wall, which trigger plaque inflammation by activating the NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) ...
    • Complement activation by cholesterol crystals triggers a subsequent cytokine response 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Halvorsen, Bente; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In the host a diverse collection of endogenous danger signals is constantly generated consisting of waste material as protein aggregates or crystalline materials that are recognized and handled by soluble pattern recognition ...
    • Complement component C3 and the TLR co-receptor CD14 are not involved in angiotensin II induced cardiac remodelling 

      Shahini, Negar; Schjalm, Camilla; Nilsson, Per; Holt, Margrethe Flesvig; Øgaard, Jonas; Lien, Egil; Ahmed, Muhammad Shakil; Attramadal, Håvard; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Louwe, Mieke C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Inflammation is centrally involved in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and the processes of remodelling. The complement system and Toll-like receptor (TLR) family, two upstream arms of the innate immune system, have ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Cytokine Network in Scrub Typhus: High Levels of Interleukin-8 Are Associated with Disease Severity and Mortality 

      Astrup, Elisabeth; Janardhanan, J; Otterdal, Kari; Ueland, Thor; Prakash, JAJ; Lekva, Tove; Strand, Øystein Anders; Abraham, OC; Thomas, K; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mathews, P; Mathai, D; Aukrust, Pål; Varghese, GM (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background: Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is endemic in the Asia-Pacific region. Mortality is high if untreated, and even with treatment as high as 10–20%, further knowledge of the immune response during ...
    • Cytokine responses, microbial aetiology and short-term outcome in community-acquired pneumonia 

      Siljan, William Ward; Holter, Jan Cato; Nymo, Ståle Haugset; Husebye, Einar; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background The inflammatory response to community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is orchestrated through activation of cytokine networks and the complement system. We examined the association of multiple cytokines and the ...
    • Deletion of Endonuclease V suppresses chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma 

      Kong, Xiang Yi; Vik, Erik Sebastian; Nawaz, Meh Sameen; Berges, Natalia; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Vågbø, Cathrine; Suganthan, Rajikala; Segers, Filip; Holm, Sverre; Quiles-Jimenez, Ana; Gregersen, Ida; Fladeby, Cathrine; Aukrust, Pål; Bjørås, Magnar; Klungland, Arne; Halvorsen, Bente; Alseth, Ingrun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Endonuclease V (EndoV) is a conserved inosine-specific ribonuclease with unknown biological function. Here, we present the first mouse model lacking EndoV, which is viable without visible abnormalities. We show that ...
    • Differential expression of Vitamin D associated genes in the aorta of coronary artery disease patients with and without rheumatoid arthritis 

      Oma, Ingvild; Olstad, Ole Kristoffer; Andersen, Jacqueline Kirsti; Lyberg, Torstein; Molberg, Øyvind; Fostad, Ida; Fagerland, Morten; Almdahl, Sven Martin; Rynning, Stein Erik; Yndestad, Arne; Aukrust, Pål; Whist, Jon Elling; Hollan, Ivana (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background Vitamin D has an important role in the immune system, and has been linked to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and coronary artery disease (CAD). The exact mechanisms by which vitamin D is involved in these processes ...
    • Effect of a single dose of the interleukin-6 receptor antagonist tocilizumab on inflammation and troponin T release in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial 

      Kleveland, Ola; Kunszt, Gabor; Bratlie, Marte; Ueland, Thor; Broch, Kaspar; Holte, Espen; Michelsen, Annika; Bendz, Bjørn; Amundsen, Brage H.; Espevik, Terje; Aakhus, Svend; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Wiseth, Rune; Gullestad, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Aims Interleukin-6 (IL-6) contributes to atherosclerotic plaque destabilization and is involved in myocardial injury during ischaemia–reperfusion. Interleukin-6 is therefore a potential therapeutic target in myocardial ...
    • Elevated plasma sTIM-3 levels in patients with severe COVID-19 

      Ueland, Thor; Heggelund, Lars; Lind, Andreas; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Tonby, Kristian; Michelsen, Annika; Jenum, Synne; Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nordøy, Ingvild; Aanensen Fraz, Mai Sasaki; Paulsen, Else Quist; Pischke, Soeren; Johal, Simreen Kaur; Hesstvedt, Liv; Bogen, Mette; Fevang, Børre; Halvorsen, Bente; Müller, Fredrik; Bekken, Gry Kloumann; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Aukrust, Pål; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Holter, Jan Cato (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background The pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is still incompletely understood, but it seems to involve immune activation and immune dysregulation. Objective We examined the parameters of activation ...
    • Gut microbiota-dependent trimethylamine N-oxide associates with inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Ueland, Thor; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Kummen, Martin; Otterdal, Kari; Holm, Kristian; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Trøseid, Marius; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      A substantial proportion of patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) have inflammatory and autoimmune complications of unknown etiology. We have previously shown that systemic inflammation in CVID correlates ...
    • High frequency and intensity of drinking may attenuate increased inflammatory cytokine levels of major depression in alcohol-use disorders 

      Neupane, Sudan Prasad; Lien, Lars; Martinez, Priscilla; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Hestad, Knut; Bramness, Jørgen Gustav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      As major depression (MD) is often comorbid with alcohol-use disorders (AUD) and alcohol itself modulates the immune system, we examined serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and interferon ...
    • IL-6 receptor inhibition by tocilizumab attenuated expression of C5a receptor 1 and 2 in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Orrem, Hilde Lang; Nilsson, Per; Pischke, Søren Erik; Kleveland, Ola; Yndestad, Arne; Ekholt, Karin; Damås, Jan Kristian; Espevik, Terje; Bendz, Bjørn; Halvorsen, Bente; Gregersen, Ida; Wiseth, Rune; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Ueland, Thor; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: Elevated interleukin-6 (IL-6) and complement activation are associated with detrimental effects of inflammation in coronary artery disease (CAD). The complement anaphylatoxins C5a and C3a interact with their ...