• A Complex Interaction between Rickettsia conorii and Dickkopf-1 - Potential Role in Immune Evasion Mechanisms in Endothelial Cells 

      Astrup, Elisabeth; Lekva, Tove; Davi, Giovanni; Otterdal, Kari; Santilli, Francesca; Øie, Erik; Halvorsen, Bente; Damås, Jan Kristian; Raoult, Didier; Vitale, Giustina; Olano, Juan P; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The pathophysiological hallmark of spotted fever group rickettsioses comprises vascular inflammation. Based on the emerging importance of the wingless (Wnt) pathways in inflammation and vascular biology, we hypothesized ...
    • Acute heart failure following myocardial infarction: complement activation correlates with the severity of heart failure in patients developing cardiogenic shock 

      Orrem, Hilde Lang; Nilsson, Per; Pischke, Søren Erik; Grindheim, Guro; Garred, Peter; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Husebye, Trygve Guttorm; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Aims Heart failure (HF) is an impending complication to myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that the degree of complement activation reflects severity of HF following acute myocardial infarction. Methods and ...
    • Anti-inflammatory effects of non-statin low-density lipoprotein cholesterol-lowering drugs: an unused potential? 

      Hovland, Anders; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Halvorsen, Bente Evy; Aukrust, Pål; Lappegård, Knut Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Objectives. Inflammatory responses are closely knit with low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol in driving atherosclerosis. Even if LDL-cholesterol is causative to atherosclerotic diseases and LDL-cholesterol lowering ...
    • Atherogenic Lipid Ratios Related to Myeloperoxidase and C-Reactive Protein Levels in Psychotic Disorders 

      Reponen, Elina Johanna; Dieset, Ingrid; Tesli, Martin Steen; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Aas, Monica; Vedal, Trude Seselie Jahr; Haug, Elisabeth; Drange, Ole Kristian; Steen, Nils Eiel; Hope, Sigrun; Szabo, Attila; Gohar, Sherif Mostafa Mohamed Ahmed; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Djurovic, Srdjan; Melle, Ingrid; Aukrust, Pål; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of premature death in patients with psychotic disorders, where dyslipidemia occurs frequently. In the pathogenesis of these serious mental disorders, a low-grade ...
    • Cholesterol crystals activate the lectin complement pathway via ficolin-2 and mannose-binding lectin: Implications for the progression of atherosclerosis 

      Pilely, Katrine; Rosbjerg, Anne; Genster, Ninette; Gál, Peter; Pál, Gábor; Halvorsen, Bente; Holm, Sverre; Aukrust, Pål; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Nervik, Ingunn; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bartels, Emil D.; Stahl, Gregory L.; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje; Garred, Peter (Journal article, 2016)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) play an essential role in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. CC activate the classical and the alternative complement pathways, but the role of the lectin pathway is unknown. We hypothesized ...
    • Cholesterol crystals use complement to increase NLRP3 signaling pathways in coronary and carotid atherosclerosis 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bakke, Siril S.; Gregersen, Ida; Holm, Sverre; Sandanger, Øystein; Orrem, Hilde Lang; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Ryan, Liv; Kong, Xiang Yi; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Skjelland, Mona; Sørensen, Kirsten; Rokstad, Anne Mari A.; Yndestad, Arne; Latz, Eicke; Gullestad, Lars; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Halvorsen, Bente; Espevik, Terje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: During atherogenesis, cholesterol precipitates into cholesterol crystals (CC) in the vessel wall, which trigger plaque inflammation by activating the NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) ...
    • Complement activation by cholesterol crystals triggers a subsequent cytokine response 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Halvorsen, Bente; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In the host a diverse collection of endogenous danger signals is constantly generated consisting of waste material as protein aggregates or crystalline materials that are recognized and handled by soluble pattern recognition ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Cytokine Network in Scrub Typhus: High Levels of Interleukin-8 Are Associated with Disease Severity and Mortality 

      Astrup, Elisabeth; Janardhanan, J; Otterdal, Kari; Ueland, Thor; Prakash, JAJ; Lekva, Tove; Strand, Øystein Anders; Abraham, OC; Thomas, K; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mathews, P; Mathai, D; Aukrust, Pål; Varghese, GM (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background: Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is endemic in the Asia-Pacific region. Mortality is high if untreated, and even with treatment as high as 10–20%, further knowledge of the immune response during ...
    • Cytokine responses, microbial aetiology and short-term outcome in community-acquired pneumonia 

      Siljan, William Ward; Holter, Jan Cato; Nymo, Ståle Haugset; Husebye, Einar; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background The inflammatory response to community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is orchestrated through activation of cytokine networks and the complement system. We examined the association of multiple cytokines and the ...
    • Differential expression of Vitamin D associated genes in the aorta of coronary artery disease patients with and without rheumatoid arthritis 

      Oma, Ingvild; Olstad, Ole Kristoffer; Andersen, Jacqueline Kirsti; Lyberg, Torstein; Molberg, Øyvind; Fostad, Ida; Fagerland, Morten; Almdahl, Sven Martin; Rynning, Stein Erik; Yndestad, Arne; Aukrust, Pål; Whist, Jon Elling; Hollan, Ivana (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background Vitamin D has an important role in the immune system, and has been linked to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and coronary artery disease (CAD). The exact mechanisms by which vitamin D is involved in these processes ...
    • Effect of a single dose of the interleukin-6 receptor antagonist tocilizumab on inflammation and troponin T release in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial 

      Kleveland, Ola; Kunszt, Gabor; Bratlie, Marte; Ueland, Thor; Broch, Kaspar; Holte, Espen; Michelsen, Annika; Bendz, Bjørn; Amundsen, Brage H.; Espevik, Terje; Aakhus, Svend; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Wiseth, Rune; Gullestad, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Aims Interleukin-6 (IL-6) contributes to atherosclerotic plaque destabilization and is involved in myocardial injury during ischaemia–reperfusion. Interleukin-6 is therefore a potential therapeutic target in myocardial ...
    • High frequency and intensity of drinking may attenuate increased inflammatory cytokine levels of major depression in alcohol-use disorders 

      Neupane, Sudan Prasad; Lien, Lars; Martinez, Priscilla; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Hestad, Knut; Bramness, Jørgen Gustav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      As major depression (MD) is often comorbid with alcohol-use disorders (AUD) and alcohol itself modulates the immune system, we examined serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and interferon ...
    • IL-6 receptor inhibition by tocilizumab attenuated expression of C5a receptor 1 and 2 in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Orrem, Hilde Lang; Nilsson, Per; Pischke, Søren Erik; Kleveland, Ola; Yndestad, Arne; Ekholt, Karin; Damås, Jan Kristian; Espevik, Terje; Bendz, Bjørn; Halvorsen, Bente; Gregersen, Ida; Wiseth, Rune; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Ueland, Thor; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: Elevated interleukin-6 (IL-6) and complement activation are associated with detrimental effects of inflammation in coronary artery disease (CAD). The complement anaphylatoxins C5a and C3a interact with their ...
    • Impaired HDL function amplifies systemic inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Rashidi, Azita; Otterdal, Kari; Gregersen, Ida; Kong, Xiang Yi; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common symptomatic primary immunodeficiency, characterized by inadequate antibody responses and recurrent bacterial infections. Paradoxically, a majority of CVID patients ...
    • Increased complement factor B and Bb levels are associated with mortality in patients with severe aortic stenosis 

      Shahini, Negar; Ueland, Thor; Auensen, Andreas; Michelsen, Annika; Ludviksen, Judith K; Hussain, Amjad Iqbal; Pettersen, Kjell; Aakhus, Svend; Espeland, Torvald; Lunde, Ida Gjervold; Kirschfink, Michael; Nilsson, Per; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Louwe, Maria Cornelia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Inflammation is involved in initiation and progression of aortic stenosis (AS). However, the role of the complement system, a crucial component of innate immunity in AS, is unclear. We hypothesized that circulating levels ...
    • Increased expression of the homeostatic chemokines CCL19 and CCL21 in clinical and experimental Rickettsia conorii infection 

      Astrup, Elisabeth; Ranheim, Trine; Damås, Jan Kristian; Davi, Giovanni; Santilli, Francesca; Jensenius, Mogens; Vitale, Giustina; Aukrust, Pål; Olano, Juan P; Otterdal, Kari (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background: Based on their essential role in concerting immunological and inflammatory responses we hypothesized that the homeostatic chemokines CCL19 and CCL21 may play a pathogenic role in rickettsiae infection. Methods: ...
    • Increased serum levels of LIGHT/TNFSF14 in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Possible role in hepatic inflammation 

      Otterdal, Kari; Haukeland, John Willy; Yndestad, Arne; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Holm, Sverre; Segers, Filip; Gladhaug, Ivar Prydz; Zbigniew, Konopski; Damås, Jan Kristian; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Objectives: The tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 14, LIGHT (homologous to lymphotoxin, exhibits inducible expression, and competes with HSV glycoprotein D for herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM), a receptor expressed ...
    • Inflammation markers in multiple sclerosis: CXCL16 reflects and may also predict disease activity 

      Holmøy, Trygve; Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Bakke, Jacob; Beiske, Antonie Giæver; Bjerve, Kristian S; Hovdal, Harald Olav; Lilleås, Finn; Midgard, Rune; Pedersen, Tom; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Torkildsen, Øivind; Wergeland, Stig; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Michelsen, Annika; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: Serum markers of inflammation are candidate biomarkers in multiple sclerosis (MS). ω-3 fatty acids are suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties that might be beneficial in MS. We aimed to explore ...