Now showing items 21-40 of 104

    • Duration of the active phase of labor in spontaneous and induced labors 

      Østborg, Tilde Broch; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Eggebø, Torbjørn Moe (Journal article, 2017)
      Introduction The aim of the study was to compare the duration of active phase of labor in women with spontaneous or induced start of labor. Material and methods An observational cohort study was performed at Stavanger ...
    • Early eczema and the risk of childhood asthma: a prospective, population-based study 

      Saunes, Marit; Øien, Torbjørn; Dotterud, Christian Kvikne; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Storrø, Ola; Holmen, Turid Lingaas; Johnsen, Roar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Background Severe eczema in young children is associated with an increased risk of developing asthma and rhino-conjunctivitis. In the general population, however, most cases of eczema are mild to moderate. In an unselected ...
    • Early self-reported pain in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is related to long-term outcomes. Results from the Nordic JIA cohort study. 

      Arnstad, Ellen Dalen; Rypdal, Veronika Gjertsen; Peltoniemi, Suvi; Herlin, T; Berntson, Lillemor; Fasth, Anders; Nielsen, Susan; Glerup, Mia; Ekelund, Maria; Zak, Marek; Aalto, Kristiina; Nordal, Ellen Berit; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Rygg, Marite (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Objective To study self‐reported pain early in the disease course of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) as predictor of long‐term disease outcomes. Methods Consecutive cases of JIA with disease onset 1997‐2000 from ...
    • Early-Onset paternal smoking and offspring adiposity: Further investigation of a potential intergenerational effect using the HUNT study 

      Carslake, David; Pinger, Pia R; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Smith, George Davey (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Recently it has been suggested that rearing conditions during preadolescence in one generation may affect health outcomes in subsequent generations. Such parental effects, potentially induced by epigenetic modifications ...
    • The effect of smoking intensity on all-cause and cause-specific mortality-a Mendelian randomization analysis. 

      Vie, Gunnhild Åberge; Wootton, Robyn E; Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav; Taylor, AE; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Davey, George Smith; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Munafo, Marcus R (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background Smoking is an important cause of mortality and recent studies have suggested that even low-intensity smoking might be associated with increased mortality. Still, smoking is associated with lower socio-economic ...
    • Effects of Obesity Surgery on Overall and Disease-Specific Mortality in a 5-Country Population-Based Study 

      Kauppila, Joonas H.; Tao, Wenjing; Santoni, Giola; von Euler-Chelpin, My; Lynge, Elsebeth; Tryggvadóttir, Laufey; Ness-Jensen, Eivind; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Pukkala, Eero; Lagergren, Jesper (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background & Aims Bariatric surgery might reduce overall mortality from obesity. We investigated whether the survival times of patients who have had bariatric surgery are similar to those of the general population and are ...
    • Elective induction of labor: A prospective observational study 

      Dögl, Malin Andrea Elisabeth; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Berntzen, Line Dahlgaard; Fremgaarden, Oliv Camilla; Kirial, Katrine; Kjøllesdal, Anne M; Nygaard, Benedicte Sandhaug; Robberstad, Line; Steen, Thorbjørn; Tappert, Christian; Torkildsen, Cecilie Fredvik; Værnesbranden, Caren Magdalena Rydland; Vietheer, Alexander; Heimstad, Runa Kristine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The aim of the present study was to assess indications for induction and describe the characteristics and delivery outcome in medical compared to non-medical/elective inductions. During a three-month period, 1663 term ...
    • Factors associated with vitamin D deficiency in a Norwegian population: the HUNT Study 

      Larose, Tricia L; Chen, Yue; Camargo, Carlos Arthuro; Langhammer, Arnulf; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Mai, Xiao-Mei (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Vitamin D deficiency occurs worldwide. Winter season and high Body Mass Index (BMI) are associated with low levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). We estimated the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in a Norwegian ...
    • Fatigue in young adults with juvenile idiopathic arthritis 18 years after disease onset: data from the prospective Nordic JIA cohort 

      Arnstad, Ellen Dalen; Glerup, Mia; Rypdal, Veronika Gjertsen; Peltoniemi, Suvi; Fasth, Anders; Nielsen, Susan; Zak, Marek; Aalto, Kristiina; Berntson, Lillemor; Nordal, Ellen Berit; Herlin, Troels; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Rygg, Marite (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: To study fatigue in young adults with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) 18 years after disease onset, and to compare with controls. Methods: Consecutive children with onset of JIA between 1997 and 2000, from ...
    • Final height and BMI in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: Results from a Nordic JIA cohort followed for 18 years 

      Monterotti, Irene Elena (Master thesis, 2020)
      SAMMENDRAG Bakgrunn: Juvenil idiopatisk artritt (JIA) er en kronisk sykdom hos barn, hvor vekstavvik er en mulig konsekvens av sykdommen. Vårt mål var å studere slutthøyde og kroppsmasseindeks (BMI) i en nordisk JIA-kohort ...
    • General and abdominal obesity and incident asthma in adults: the HUNT study 

      Brumpton, Ben Michael; Langhammer, Arnulf; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Chen, Yue; Mai, Xiao-Mei (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Measures of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference define general obesity and abdominal obesity respectively. While high BMI has been established as a risk factor for asthma in adults, waist circumference has seldom ...
    • Health care contact following a new incident neck or low back pain episode in the general population; the HUNT study 

      Woodhouse, Astrid; Pape, Kristine; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Vasseljen, Ottar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Low back and neck pain are commonly reported in the general population and represent frequent causes for health care consultations. The main aim of this study was to describe the determinants of health care contact during ...
    • Heavier smoking increases coffee consumption: findings from a Mendelian randomization analysis 

      Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Nordestgaard, AT; Taylor, Amy E; Treur, Jorien L; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Munafo, Marcus R; Nordestgaard, BG; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Davey Smith, George (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background There is evidence for a positive relationship between cigarette and coffee consumption in smokers. Cigarette smoke increases metabolism of caffeine, so this may represent a causal effect of smoking on caffeine ...
    • Heavier smoking may lead to a relative increase in waist circumference: Evidence for a causal relationship from a Mendelian randomisation meta-analysis. The CARTA consortium 

      Morris, Richard W.; Taylor, Amy E.; Fluharty, Meg E.; Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Campbell, Archie; Marioni, Riccardo; Kumari, Meena; Korhonen, Tellervo; Männistö, Satu; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Kaakinen, Marika; Cavadino, Alana; Postmus, Iris; Husemoen, Lise Lotte N.; Skaaby, Tea; Ahluwalia, Tarun Veer Singh; Treur, Jorien L.; Willemsen, Gonneke; Dale, Caroline; Wannamethee, S. Goya; Lahti, Jari; Palotie, Aarno; Räikkönen, Katri; McConnachie, Alex; Padmanabhan, Sandosh; Wong, Andrew; Dalgård, Christine; Paternoster, Lavinia; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav; Tyrrell, Jessica; Horwood, John; Fergusson, David M.; Kennedy, Martin A.; Nohr, Ellen A.; Christiansen, Lene; Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm; Kuh, Diana; Watt, Graham; Eriksson, Johan G.; Whincup, Peter H.; Vink, Jacqueline M.; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Smith, George Davey; Lawlor, Debbie; Linneberg, Allan; Ford, Ian; Jukema, J. Wouter; Power, Chris; Hyppönen, Elina; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Preisig, Martin; Borodulin, Katja; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kivimaki, Mika; Smith, Blair H.; Hayward, Caroline; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A.; Munafo, Marcus R.; Sattar, Naveed (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Objectives: To investigate, using a Mendelian randomisation approach, whether heavier smoking is associated with a range of regional adiposity phenotypes, in particular those related to abdominal adiposity. Design: ...
    • Hypertension in Pregnancy and Offspring Cardiovascular Risk in Young Adulthood: Prospective and Sibling Studies in the HUNT Study (Nord-Trøndelag Health Study) in Norway 

      Alsnes, Ingvild Vatten; Vatten, Lars Johan; Fraser, Abigail; Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Rich-Edwards, Janet Wilson; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are at increased lifetime risk for cardiovascular disease. We examined the offspring’s cardiovascular risk profile in young adulthood and their siblings’ cardiovascular risk ...
    • Impact of MDM2 promoter SNP55 (rs2870820) on risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer 

      Helwa, Reham; Gansmo, Liv Beathe; Bjørnslett, Merete Pauline; Halle, Mari Kyllesø; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Hveem, Kristian; Vatten, Lars Johan; Dørum, Anne; Lønning, Per Eystein; Knappskog, Stian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background While large GWAS analyses have not found convincing associations between MDM2 promoter SNP55 and gynaecological cancers, SNP55 is in linkage disequilibrium with two other functional SNPs in the same promoter, ...
    • Impact of the APOBEC3A/B deletion polymorphism on risk of ovarian cancer 

      Gansmo, Liv Beathe; Sofiyeva, Nigar; Bjørnslett, Merete Pauline; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Hveem, Kristian; Vatten, Lars Johan; Dørum, Anne; Lønning, Per Eystein; Knappskog, Stian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      A germline 29.5-kb deletion variant removes the 3’ end of the APOBEC3A gene and a large part of APOBEC3B, creating a hybrid gene that has been linked to increased APOBEC3 activity and DNA damage in human cancers. We genotyped ...
    • Impacts of parasites on marine survival of Atlantic salmon: a meta-analysis 

      Vollset, Knut Wiik; Krontveit, Randi Ingebjørg; Jansen, Peder A; Finstad, Bengt; Barlaup, Bjørn Torgeir; Skilbrei, Ove Tommy; Krkošek, Martin; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Aunsmo, Arnfinn; Jensen, Arne Johan; Dohoo, Ian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Parasites can, in theory, have large impacts on the survival of fish populations. One method to evaluate such impacts on anadromous species is to apply manipulative field experiments in which parallel groups of antiparasitically ...
    • Influence of MDM2 SNP309 and SNP285 status on the risk of cancer in the breast, prostate, lung and colon 

      Gansmo, Liv Beathe; Knappskog, Stian; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Hveem, Kristian; Vatten, Lars Johan; Lønning, Per Eystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      MDM2 is a key regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor protein and is overexpressed in many human cancers. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the MDM2 intronic promoter (P2) have been found to exert biological ...
    • Investigating the causal effect of smoking on hay fever and asthma: A Mendelian randomization meta-analysis in the CARTA consortium 

      Skaaby, Tea; Taylor, Amy E; Jacobsen, Rikke K.; Paternoster, Lavinia; Thuesen, Betina H.; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S.; Larsen, Sofus C.; Zhou, Ang; Wong, Andrew; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Flexeder, Claudia; Männistö, Satu; Hardy, Rebecca; Kuh, Diana; Barry, Sarah J.; Møllehave, Line Tang; Cerqueira, Charlotte; Friedrich, Nele; Bonten, Tobias N.; Noordam, Raymond; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.; Taube, Christian; Jessen, Leon E.; McConnachie, Alex; Sattar, Naveed; Upton, Mark N.; McSharry, Charles; Bønnelykke, Klaus; Bisgaard, Hans; Schulz, Holger; Strauch, Konstantin; Meitinger, Thomas; Peters, Annette; Grallert, Harald; Nohr, Ellen A.; Kivimäki, Mika; Kumari, Meena; Völker, Uwe; Nauck, Matthias; Völzke, Henry; Power, Chris; Hyppönen, Elina; Hansen, Torben; Jørgensen, Torben; Pedersen, Oluf; Salomaa, Veikko; Grarup, Niels; Langhammer, Arnulf; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Skorpen, Frank; Kaprio, Jaakko; Munafò, Marcus R.; Linneberg, Allan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Observational studies on smoking and risk of hay fever and asthma have shown inconsistent results. However, observational studies may be biased by confounding and reverse causation. Mendelian randomization uses genetic ...