• Anomalous Diffusion of Extracellular Vesicles in an Extracellular Matrix for Molecular Communication 

      Rudsari, Hamid Khoshfekr; Zoofaghari, Mohammad; Damrath, Martin; Veletic, Mladen; Bergsland, Jacob; Balasingham, Ilangko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
    • Computational estimation of chemical reaction rates in extracellular vesicle signaling 

      Damrath, Martin; Zoofaghari, Mohammad; Lekic, Milica; Rudsari, Hamid Khoshfekr; Pappalardo, Fabrizio; Veletic, Mladen; Balasingham, Ilangko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The rates of chemical reactions involved in cell-to-cell communication can serve as a powerful tool for advanced theranostics and in establishing a molecular communication link between bio-transceivers. Reaction rates are ...
    • The End-to-End Molecular Communication Model of Extracellular Vesicle-based Drug Delivery 

      Rudsari, Hamid Khoshfekr; Zoofaghari, Mohammad; Veletic, Mladen; Bergsland, Jacob; Balasingham, Ilangko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      A closer look at nature has recently brought more interest in exploring and utilizing intra-body communication networks composed of cells as intrinsic, perfectly biocompatible infrastructures to deliver therapeutics. ...
    • Energy-efficiency of Cardiomyocyte Stimulation with Rectangular Pulses 

      Laasmaa, Martin; Lu, Pengfei; Veletic, Mladen; Louch, William Edward; Bergsland, Jacob; Balasingham, Ilangko; Vendelin, Marko (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      In cardiac pacemaker design, energy expenditure is an important issue. This work aims to explore whether varying stimulation pulse configuration is a viable optimization strategy for reducing energy consumption by the ...
    • Extracellular Vesicle Propagation in Acidic Tumor Microenvironment 

      Lekic, Milica; Zoofaghari, Mohammad; Veletic, Mladen; Balasingham, Ilangko (Chapter, 2022)
    • Extracellular Vesicle-Mediated Communication Nanonetworks: Opportunities and Challenges 

      Arjmandi, Hamidreza; Rudsari, Hamid Khoshfekr; Santos, Joao; Zoofaghari, Mohammad; Ievglevskyi, Oleksandr; Kanada, Masamitsu; Khaleghi, Ali; Balasingham, Ilangko; Veletic, Mladen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Extracellular vesicle (EV)-mediated signaling is a highly evolutionary conserved intercellular mechanism in which the biological information is packaged, transported, and delivered to the target cells. The potential of EVs ...
    • Implants with Sensing Capabilities 

      Veletic, Mladen; Apu, Eshanul Hoque; Simic, Mitar; Bergsland, Jacob; Balasingham, Ilangko; Contag, Christopher H.; Ashammakhi, Nureddin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Because of the aging human population and increased numbers of surgical procedures being performed, there is a growing number of biomedical devices being implanted each year. Although the benefits of implants are significant, ...
    • Implants with Sensing Capabilities 

      Veletic, Mladen; Ehsanul, Hoque Apu; Mitar, Simic; Jacob, Bergsland; Ilangko, Balasingham; Christopher H., Contag; Nureddin, Ashammakhi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Because of the aging human population and increased numbers of surgical procedures being performed, there is a growing number of biomedical devices being implanted each year. Although the benefits of implants are significant, ...
    • In Silico Model for Tumor Diagnosis based on Bloodstream Penetrating Extracellular Vesicles 

      Zoofaghari, Mohammad; Damrath, Martin; Veletic, Mladen; Sagini, Krizia; Bergsland, Jacob; Llorente Martinez, Alicia; Balasingham, Ilangko Sellappah (Chapter, 2023)
      During the last decade, extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged in the scientific community because of their potential as natural drug nanocarriers and biomarkers in disease diagnosis, especially for cancer. While a few ...
    • An Information Theoretical Analysis of Gap Junction Channels 

      Hejri, Farrokh; Veletic, Mladen; Balasingham, Ilangko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The propagation of molecules, ions and electrochemical signals in various cell types occurs through hundreds of gap junction channels. A gap junction channel is composed of hundreds of units which are further decomposed ...
    • Molecular Communication Aspects of Potassium Intracellular Signaling in Cardiomyocytes 

      Lu, Pengfei; Veletic, Mladen; Bergsland, Jacob; Balasingham, Ilangko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Cardiovascular diseases continue to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cardiomyocytes, as the elementary heart components, play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy heart by coordinating contractions ...
    • Molecular Communications in Viral Infections Research: Modeling, Experimental Data, and Future Directions 

      Barros, Michael Taynnan; Veletic, Mladen; Kanada, Masamitsu; Pierobon, Massimiliano; Vainio, Seppo; Balasingham, Ilangko; Balasubramaniam, Sasitharan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Hundreds of millions of people worldwide are affected by viral infections each year, and yet, several of them neither have vaccines nor effective treatment during and post-infection. This challenge has been highlighted by ...
    • Multi-nodal nano-actuator pacemaker for energy-efficient stimulation of cardiomyocytes 

      Lu, Pengfei; Veletic, Mladen; Laasmaa, Martin; Vendelin, Marko; Louch, William Edward; Halvorsen, Per Steinar; Bergsland, Jacob; Balasingham, Ilangko (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      There is continuous interest in maximizing the longevity of implantable pacemakers, which are effective in remedying and managing patients with arrhythmic heart disease. This paper accordingly first proposes miniature ...
    • Neural response analysis for brain-machine interfaces 

      Stenwig, Eline; Veletic, Mladen; Balasingham, Ilangko (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Neurological disorders such as Alzheimers and Parkinsons diseases are associated with malfunctioning neurons, and neuronal signaling and communication pathways. Restoring the neuronal function is considered one of the ...
    • On Mathematical Analysis of Active Drug Transport Coupled with Flow-induced Diffusion in Blood Vessels 

      Arjmandi, Hamidreza; Zoofaghari, Mohammad; Rouzegar, Seyed Vahid; Veletic, Mladen; Balasingham, Ilangko Sellappah (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Blood vessels are flow-induced diffusive molecular channels equipped with transport mechanisms across their walls for conveying substances between the organs in the body. Mathematical modeling of the blood vessel as a ...
    • On the Neural Communication for Data Transmission in Nano-Networks 

      Veletic, Mladen (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2017:179, Doctoral thesis, 2017)
      Nano-networks are engineered systems for performing communication at the nano-scale. They are achieved through physical mechanisms suitable at this scale, including electromagnetism and electrochemical transport. From the ...
    • Optical Modeling and Characterization of Demyelinated Nerve Using Graphene-Based Photonic Structure 

      Maghoul, Amir; Rostami, Ali; Veletic, Mladen; Unluturk, Bige Deniz; Gnanakulasekaran, Nilojan; Balasingham, Ilangko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The myelin sheath, as an insulation layer in nerve cells, plays an essential role in neural communication and signal conduction. Loss of myelin, referred to as demyelination, is associated with many mental disorders. ...
    • Pace Time Modulation for Intra-Cardiac Communication 

      Hejri, Farrokh; Veletic, Mladen; Balasingham, Ilangko; Hoeher, PA (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Although single-node leadless pacemakers eliminate several complications associated with subcutaneous pockets and leads, they have the significant limitation of only being able to perform single-chamber pacing. Multi-nodal ...
    • Parameter Estimation of the Single-Dispersion Fractional Cole-Impedance Model With the Embedded Hardware 

      Simic, Mitar; Freeborn, Todd J.; Veletic, Mladen; Seoane, Fernando; Stojanovic, Goran M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
    • Reaction rates estimation for the endocytic reception in extracellular vesicles-mediated communications 

      Zoofaghari, Mohammad; Damrath, Martin; Rudsari, Hamid Khoshfekr; Pappalardo, Fabrizio; Veletic, Mladen; Balasingham, Ilangko (Chapter, 2022)
      The extracellular vesicles (EVs) role in intercellular communication of transferring the cargoes of biomolecules such as proteins and nucleic acid between cells has been revealed recently. EV-mediated molecular communications ...