• Briquetting of Manganese Oxide Fines with Organic Binders - How well suited are organic binders for agglomeration of Mn-oxide fines? 

      By, Thomas (Master thesis, 2017)
      Dust and fines are created throughout the ferromanganese metal production. These fines are collected from ventilation filters, screening operations and off-gas cleaning facilities. As the fines contain a substantial amount ...
    • Characterisation of a Real-World Søderberg Electrode 

      Glastonbury, Ralph; Beukes, Paul; van Zyl, Pieter Gideon; Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli; Dall, Douglas; Steenkamp, Joalet Dalene; Mushwana, Masana (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Very little research on Søderberg electrodes has been published in the journal peer reviewed public domain. The main aim of this work is to characterise a Søderberg electrode that was cut off approximately 0.5 m below the ...
    • Characterization of a Si-SiO2 mixture generated from SiO and CO 

      Broggi, Andrea; Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The reaction between SiO(g) and CO(g) is a relevant intermediate reaction in the silicon production process. One of the products generated from this gas mixture is called by its color, brown condensate. In this paper, ...
    • Damring formation during rotary kiln chromite pre-reduction: Effects of pulverized carbonaceous fuel selection and partial pellet melting 

      van Staden, Yolindi; Beukes, Johan Paul; van Zyl, Pieter Gideon; Ringdalen, Eli; Tangstad, Merete; Kleynhans, Ernst L.J.; Bunt, John Reginald (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Electricity consumption is the largest cost contributing factor in the production of ferrochrome. Currently the pelletized chromite pre-reduction process (solid-state reduction of chromite) is the process option with the ...
    • Effect of Different Polymorphs of SiO2 on the Reaction between SiO2 and SiC in Si Production 

      Folstad, Marit Buhaug (Master thesis, 2017)
      The aim of this work have been to investigate the phase transformations in silica (SiO2) during heating to target temperature, and the effect of SiO2 polymorphs on the reduction reaction between SiO2 and silicon carbide ...
    • Formation and characterization of β-and α-Silicon Carbide produced during Silicon/Ferrosilicon process 

      Jayakumari, Sethulakshmy (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2020:252, Doctoral thesis, 2020)
      Silicon carbide (SiC) is one of the main intermediate compounds generated during primary silicon (Si) production in submerged arc furnaces. Carbon materials, either biomass-based (charcoal and wood chips) or based on fossil ...
    • Karbiddannelse i Manganovner 

      Øvrelid, Sigurd Johannes Slåtsve (Master thesis, 2019)
      Når karbon løses opp i silikomangan(SiMn)-prosessen kan det dannes titankarbid (TiC), silisiumkarbid (SiC) eller grafitt i ovnen. Silisiuminnholdet i legeringen avgjør om silisiumkarbid eller grafitt vil være den stabile ...
    • Kinetic Study of SiO2 + SiC Reaction in Silicon Production 

      Adisty, Dian (Master thesis, 2013)
      A number of researches related to kinetics of SiO2 + SiC reaction in the silicon production are limited and there is a gap between the real kinetics and mechanism of SiO2 + SiC reaction and people?s knowledge of that ...
    • Kinetics and Mechanism of Phase Transformations from Quartz to Cristobalite 

      Kjelstadli, Marthe Erdal (Master thesis, 2016)
      The largely debated silica polymorphism has in this thesis been investigated for the transformation from β-quartz to β-cristobalite. It is done as a step in understanding and improve the furnace operations of the silicon ...
    • Ore melting and reduction in silicomanganese production 

      Ringdalen, Eli; Gaal, S.; Tangstad, Merete; Ostrovski, Oleg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      The charge for silicomangansese production consists of manganese ore (often mixed with ferromanganese slag) dolomite or calcite, quartz, and in some cases, other additions. These materials have different melting properties, ...
    • Parameters Affecting Softening and Melting of Quartz 

      Jusnes, Karin Fjeldstad (Master thesis, 2016)
      The aim of this work was to develop and improve a new method for investigating how different parameters affect the softening and melting of quartz. The method should give quantitative results. Quartz is the stable phase ...
    • Phase transformations and thermal degradation in industrial quartz 

      Jusnes, Karin Fjeldstad (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2020:205, Doctoral thesis, 2020)
      Quartz is used as the silicon source for silicon and ferrosilicon production. Together with various carbon materials, the quartz is added to a submerged arc furnace. Energy is supplied through three carbon electrodes, which ...
    • Phase Transformations from Quartz to Cristobalite 

      Jusnes, Karin Fjeldstad; Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;, Chapter; Conference object, 2018)
      Two quartz types used in the silicon and ferrosilicon industry were heated to temperatures of 1600 and 1700 °C. The parameters varied were the temperature and the holding time at maximum temperature. The amount of quartz, ...
    • Pilot Scale Production of Manganese Ferroalloys Using Heat-Treated Mn-Nodules 

      Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli; Manilla, Edmundo; Davila, Daniel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Pilot-scale experiments are one way to investigate the process patterns and the reaction mechanisms of processes and raw materials. To understand a process fully, both theoretical considerations as well as small-scale ...
    • Reduction Mechanisms in Manganese Ore and Deposition of Carbon from Natural Gas 

      Svoen, Stine (Master thesis, 2017)
      This report investigates the deposition of carbon from natural gas onto manganese ore and the effect of reduction of the higher manganese oxides. Manganese ore has been heated in an argon atmosphere, before methane was ...
    • Reduction of SiO2 to SiC using natural gas 

      Ksiazek, Michal Tomasz; Tangstad, Merete; Dalaker, Halvor; Ringdalen, Eli (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      This paper presents a preliminary study of SiC production by use of natural gas for reduction of silica. Direct reduction of SiO2 by gas mixtures containing CH4, H2, and Ar was studied at temperatures between 1273 K and ...
    • Reduction Rates of SiMn Slags from Various Raw Materials 

      Kim, Pyunghwa Peace (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2018:260, Doctoral thesis, 2018)
    • Road-map for gas in the Norwegian metallurgical industry: greater value creation and reduced emissions 

      Dalaker, Halvor; Ringdalen, Eli; Kolbeinsen, Leiv; Mårdalen, Jostein (Research report, 2017)
      In order to increase the use of gas in metal production, we will need to develop new – and to further develop existing – gas-based technologies, which will need to be adopted on an industrial scale. In order to provide a ...
    • Shock Heating Test of Quartz for Si and FeSi Production 

      Jusnes, Karin Fjeldstad; Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli (Research report, 2017)
      Six different quartz types used as raw material for Si and FeSi production, were shock heated to 1500 °C in an induction furnace. The amounts of fines produced were measured and compared. The method has been used before ...
    • SiC production using SiO 2 and Cagglomerates 

      Li, Fei (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2017:180, Doctoral thesis, 2017)
      Due to the possible shortage of high-quality fossil carbon materials and charcoal for the Si industry, this study will focus on the possibility of using natural gas as the substitute of commercially scarce high quality ...