• A comprehensive evaluation of predictive performance of 33 species distribution models at species and community levels 

      Norberg, Anna; Abrego, Nerea; Blanchet, F. Guillaume; Adler, Frederick R.; Anderson, Barbara J.; Anttila, Jani; Araújo, Miguel B.; Dallas, Tad; Dunson, David; Elith, Jane; Foster, Scott D.; Fox, Richard; Franklin, Janet; Godsoe, William; Guisan, Antoine; OHara, Robert Brian; Hill, Nicole A.; Holt, Robert D.; Hui, Francis K.C.; Husby, Magne; Kålås, John Atle; Lehikoinen, Aleksi; Luoto, Miska; Mod, Heidi K.; Newell, Graeme; Renner, Ian; Roslin, Tomas; Soininen, Janne; Thuiller, Wilfried; Vanhatalo, Jarno; Warton, David; White, Matt; Zimmermann, Niklaus E; Gravel, Dominique; Ovaskainen, Otso (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      A large array of species distribution model (SDM) approaches has been developed for explaining and predicting the occurrences of individual species or species assemblages. Given the wealth of existing models, it is unclear ...
    • Comment on “A global-scale ecological niche model to predict SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus infection rate”, author Coro 

      Contina, Andrea; Yanco, Scott; Pierce, Allison; DePrenger-Levin, Michelle; Wunder, Michael; Neophytou, Andreas; Lostroh, C. Phoebe; Telford, Richard; Benito, Blas; Chipperfield, Joseph; OHara, Robert Brian; Carlson, Colin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      In this letter we present comments on the article “A global-scale ecological niche model to predict SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus” by Coro published in 2020.
    • Concurrent ordination: Simultaneous unconstrained and constrained latent variable modelling 

      van der Veen, Bert; Hui, Francis K. C.; Hovstad, Knut Anders; OHara, Robert Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      1. In community ecology, unconstrained ordination can be used to indirectly explore drivers of community composition, while constrained ordination can be used to directly relate predictors to an ecological community. ...
    • Data Integration for Large-Scale Models of Species Distributions 

      Isaac, Nick J.B.; OHara, Robert Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      With the expansion in the quantity and types of biodiversity data being collected, there is a need to find ways to combine these different sources to provide cohesive summaries of species’ potential and realized distributions ...
    • Disentangling synergistic disease dynamics: Implications for the viral biocontrol of rabbits 

      Wells, Konstans; Fordham, Damien A; Brook, Barry W; Cassey, Phillip; Cox, Tarnya; OHara, Robert Brian; Schwensow, Nina I (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) have been exposed to rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) and myxoma virus (MYXV) in their native and invasive ranges for decades. Yet, the long‐term effects of these viruses ...
    • Disentangling the effects of multiple environmental drivers on population changes within communities 

      Bowler, Diana Elizabeth; Heldbjerg, Henning; Fox, Anthony D.; OHara, Robert Brian; Böhning-Gaese, Katrin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1. The effects of different environmental drivers on the changes in species’ population abundances can be difficult to disentangle as they often act simultaneously. Researchers have built statistical models that include ...
    • Don’t gamble the COVID-19 response on ecological hypotheses 

      Carlson, Colin; Chipperfield, Joseph; Benito, Blas; Telford, Richard; OHara, Robert Brian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    • Ecological mechanisms explaining interactions within plant-hummingbird networks: morphological matching increases towards lower latitudes 

      Sonne, Jesper; Vizentin-Bugoni, Jeferson; OHara, Robert Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Interactions between species are influenced by different ecological mechanisms, such as morphological matching, phenological overlap and species abundances. How these mechanisms explain interaction frequencies across ...
    • Integrated modeling of waterfowl distribution in western Canada using aerial survey and citizen science (eBird) data 

      Adde, Antoine; Casabona i Amat, Clara; Mazerolle, Marc J.; Darveau, Marcel; Cumming, Steven G.; OHara, Robert Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Although the exceptional spatiotemporal extent of the Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey (WBPHS) has substantially contributed to our understanding of the ecology of North American waterfowl, vast geographical ...
    • Is more data always better? A simulation study of benefits and limitations of integrated distribution models 

      Simmonds, Emily Grace; Jarvis, Susan G.; Henrys, Peter A.; Isaac, Nick J.B.; OHara, Robert Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Species distribution models are popular and widely applied ecological tools. Recent increases in data availability have led to opportunities and challenges for species distribution modelling. Each data source has different ...
    • Model-based ordination for species with unequal niche widths 

      van der Veen, Bert; Hui, Francis K. C.; Hovstad, Knut Anders; Solbu, Erik Blystad; OHara, Robert Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      1. It is common practice for ecologists to examine species niches in the study of community composition. The response curve of a species in the fundamental niche is usually assumed to be quadratic. The centre of a quadratic ...
    • Modelling seasonal dynamics, population stability, and pest control in Aedes japonicus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) 

      Wieser, Andreas; Reuss, Friederike; Niamir, Aidin; Müller, Ruth; OHara, Robert Brian; Pfenninger, Markus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background The invasive temperate mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus is a potential vector for various infectious diseases and therefore a target of vector control measures. Even though established in Germany, it is unclear ...
    • Rewriting results sections in the language of evidence 

      Muff, Stefanie; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; OHara, Robert Brian; Nater, Chloe Rebecca (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Despite much criticism, black-or-white null-hypothesis significance testing with an arbitrary P-value cutoff still is the standard way to report scientific findings. One obstacle to progress is likely a lack of knowledge ...
    • Rotations in Factor Analysis 

      Singdahlsen, Martinius Theodor (Bachelor thesis, 2022)
      Denne oppgaven vil omhandle faktoranalyse med hovedfokus på faktormodellens rotasjoner. Rotasjoner brukes både for å kunne trekke slutninger og for å bedre tolke dataene. I denne sammenheng vil vi se på kriteriene som er ...
    • Species distribution models are inappropriate for COVID-19 

      Carlson, Colin; Chipperfield, Joseph; Benito, Blas; Telford, Richard; OHara, Robert Brian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    • Standards for distribution models in biodiversity assessments 

      Araújo, Miguel B.; Anderson, Robert P.; Barbosa, A. Márcia; Beale, Colin M.; Dormann, Carsten F.; Early, Regan; Garcia, Raquel A.; Guisan, Antoine; Maiorano, Luigi; Naimi, Babak; OHara, Robert Brian; Zimmermann, Niklaus E.; Rahbek, Carsten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Demand for models in biodiversity assessments is rising, but which models are adequate for the task? We propose a set of best-practice standards and detailed guidelines enabling scoring of studies based on species distribution ...
    • Ten years of Methods in Ecology and Evolution 

      OHara, Robert Brian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The start of 2020 marks the end of the first decade of Methods in Ecology and Evolution. When we launched the journal in 2010, we did so because of feedback from the community that there was a need for a journal that ...
    • Uncovering the drivers of host-associated microbiota with joint species distribution modelling 

      Björk, Johannes R.; Hui, Francis K.C.; OHara, Robert Brian; Montoya, Jose M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In addition to the processes structuring free‐living communities, host‐associated microbiota are directly or indirectly shaped by the host. Therefore, microbiota data have a hierarchical structure where samples are nested ...