• Bubble evolution and anode surface properties in aluminium electrolysis 

      Thorne, Rebecca Jayne; Sommerseth, Camilla; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Rørvik, Stein; Sandnes, Espen; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Linga, Hogne; Svensson, Ann Mari (Journal article, 2015)
      One significant contribution to the anodic potential during aluminum electrolysis is the formation of CO2 bubbles that screen the anode surface. This effect creates an additional ohmic resistance as well as an increased ...
    • Comparing Anodic Bubble Behavior of Anodes from Anisotropic and Isotropic Cokes in Laboratory Scale Aluminum Electrolysis Cells 

      Sommerseth, Camilla; Thorne, Rebecca Jayne; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Rørvik, Stein; Linga, Hogne; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Svensson, Ann Mari (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      During production of aluminum in Hall-Héroult cells, carbon anodes electrochemically oxidize to form mainly CO2. The CO2 bubbles block the anode working surface during growth and coalescence, leading to cell voltage loss ...
    • Correlation between coke type, microstructure and anodic reaction overpotential in aluminium electrolysis 

      Thorne, Rebecca Jayne; Sommerseth, Camilla; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Rørvik, Stein; Sandnes, Espen; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Linga, Hogne; Svensson, Ann Mari (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Although the anode process during aluminum electrolysis has a substantial overpotential that increases the energy demand and production cost of aluminum, properties of the coke that can influence the electrochemical ...
    • Effect of Coke Properties on the Bubble Formation at the Anodes During Aluminium Electrolysis in Laboratory Scale 

      Gebarowski, Wojciech; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Rørvik, Stein; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Linga, Hogne; Svensson, Ann Mari (Journal article, 2017)
      The anodic reaction of aluminium electrolysis cells leads to the formation of CO2 bubbles, which partly screen the anode surface and leads to an increase in the cell voltage. An advantage of these bubbles is that the ...
    • Electrochemical Behaviour of Carbon Anodes Produced with Different Mixing Temperatures and Baking Levels—A Laboratory Study 

      Sommerseth, Camilla; Thorne, Rebecca Jayne; Gebarowski, Wojciech; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Rørvik, Stein; Linga, Hogne; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Svensson, Ann Mari (Chapter, 2019)
      Anodes fabricated from a single source coke were used for investigations of effect of porosity and surface roughness on the electrochemical performance in laboratory scale cells. In order to fabricate anodes differing in ...
    • Electrochemical Reactivity and Wetting Properties of Anodes Made from Anisotropic and Isotropic Cokes 

      Sommerseth, Camilla; Thorne, Rebecca Jayne; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Sandnes, Espen; Rørvik, Stein; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Linga, Hogne; Svensson, Ann Mari (Journal article, 2016)
      High quality anodes require stable raw materials. As the quality of the coke available for production of anodes is changing, future production will rely on cokes that are more isotropic with higher impurity levels than ...
    • Interfacial Boundary between Carbon Anodes and Molten Salt Electrolyte 

      Gebarowski, Wojciech; Sommerseth, Camilla; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Sandnes, Espen; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Linga, Hogne; Svensson, Ann Mari (Journal article, 2016)
      The properties of calcined petroleum cokes (CPC), used in the anodes in the Hall-Héroult process, are important for the electrochemical behaviour of the anodes. CPCs from different sources vary not only in impurity level ...
    • Spatial methods for characterising carbon anodes for aluminium production 

      Sommerseth, Camilla; Thorne, Rebecca Jayne; Rørvik, Stein; Sandnes, Espen; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Linga, Hogne; Svensson, Ann Mari (Journal article, 2015)
      Pilot test anodes were designed by Hydro Aluminium for laboratory studies using controlled blends of <2 mm aggregate from two single source cokes. Spa- tial and imaging methods were used to characterise anode surfaces with ...
    • The Effect of Varying Mixing Temperatures and Baking Level on the Quality of Pilot Scale Anodes - A Factorial Design Analysis 

      Sommerseth, Camilla; Thorne, Rebecca Jayne; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Sandnes, Espen; Linga, Hogne; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Svensson, Ann Mari (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Identifying optimum anode baking level and mixing temperature are important when producing high quality anodes. The effect of varying mixing temperature and baking level were investigated in terms of the resulting apparent ...
    • Understanding Anode Overpotential 

      Thorne, Rebecca Jayne; Sommerseth, Camilla; Svensson, Ann Mari; Sandnes, Espen; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Linga, Hogne; Ratvik, Arne Petter (Journal article, 2014)
      In aluminium electrolysis cells the anodic process is associated with a substantial overpotential. Industrial carbon anodes are produced from a blend of coke materials, but the effect of coke type on anodic overpotential ...