• Back to Basics: Overdiagnosis Is About Unwarranted Diagnosis 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Epidemiologic studies of overdiagnosis are challenged by unclear definitions and the absence of unified measures. This spurs great controversies. Etymologically, overdiagnosis means too much diagnosis and stems from the ...
    • Biases and imperatives in handling medical technology 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Objectives For a long time key actors in health care have conceived of medical technology as a rational science-based means to obtain specific human goals, such as reducing suffering and increasing health. However, this ...
    • Biases distorting priority setting 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Modern health care faces an ever widening gap between technological possibilities and available resources. To handle this challenge we have constructed elaborate systems for health policy making and priority setting. Despite ...
    • Categorical Mistakes and Moral Biases in the Withholding-Versus-Withdrawal Debate 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    • Development and conduction of an active re-implementation of the Norwegian musculoskeletal guidelines 

      Gransjøen, Ann Mari; Wiig, Siri; Lysdahl, Kristin Bakke; Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Abstract Objective Significant geographical variations in the use of diagnostic imaging have been demonstrated in Norway and elsewhere. Non-traumatic musculoskeletal conditions is one area where this has been demonstrated. ...
    • Does Low Dose Ionizing Radiation Cause Cancer? The Interplay of Epistemology and Ethics in Radiation Protection 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In order to investigate the relationship between scientific evidence and social commitments this article addresses three questions: (1) does low dose ionizing radiation cause cancer? (2) Is the answer to this question ...
    • Evaluating facts and facting evaluations: On the fact-value relationship in HTA 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten; Bond, Ken; Sandman, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Health technology assessment (HTA) is an evaluation of health technologies in terms of facts and evidence. However, the relationship between facts and values is still not clear in HTA. This is problematic in an era of “fake ...
    • Expanding disease and undermining the ethos of medicine 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The expansion of the concept of disease poses problems for epidemiology. Certainly, new diseases are discovered and more people are treated earlier and better. However, the historically unprecedented expansion is criticised ...
    • Filosofiens rolle i det offentlige ordskifte 

      Carson, Siri Granum; Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Filosofi og etikk har fått en stadig større plass i det offentlige rom i Norge. 2017 ble et år der filosofer sørget for overskrifter i en rekke norske medier. En av sakene som fikk størst oppmerksomhet, var debatten om ...
    • Geographical variations in the use of diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal diseases in Norway 

      Gransjøen, Ann Mari; Lysdahl, Kristin Bakke; Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: There is a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the Norwegian population. A significant number of these patients are referred to diagnostic imaging. Geographical variations in the use of imaging for ...
    • Health care personnel’s perception of guideline implementation for musculoskeletal imaging: a process evaluation 

      Gransjøen, Ann Mari; Wiig, Siri; Lysdahl, Kristin Bakke; Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background:The increasing complexity and variability in radiology have significantly fueled the need for guidelines. There are many methods for disseminating and implementing guidelines however; and obtaining lasting changes ...
    • Human Enhancement: Enhancing Health or Harnessing Happiness? 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Human enhancement (HE) is ontologically, epistemologically, and ethically challenging and has stirred a wide range of scholarly and public debates. This article focuses on some conceptual issues with HE that have important ...
    • Hvordan vurdere etiske aspekter ved moderne helse- og velferdsteknologi? 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Hvordan skal vi innføre helse- og velferdsteknologi i den kommunale helse- og omsorgstjenesten på en god måte? Hvordan skal vi vurdere de etiske aspektene ved slik teknologi? Dette er hovedspørsmålene i denne artikkelen, ...
    • Informing about mammographic screening: Ethical challenges and suggested solutions 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Providing high quality and user oriented information about mammographic screening is no easy task, as screening has been subject to heated professional and public debates. Although the information has to be developed and ...
    • Mammografisreening: informasjon og egne valg 

      Andresen, Maren Sofie Berg; Gjøsti, Siri; Johansen, Bettina Amb (Bachelor thesis, 2017)
      Problemstilling: I hvilken grad er informasjonen som blir gitt kvinner i forbindelse med mammografiscreening i Norge balansert og nøytral, slik at den fremmer kvinners egne valg? Formål: Formålet med denne oppgaven er å ...
    • Methods assessing sociocultural aspects of health technologies: Results of a literature review 

      Stich, Anne Kathrin; Mozygemba, Kati; Lysdahl, Kristin Bakke; Pfadenhauer, Lisa Maria; Hofmann, Bjørn Morten; van der Wilt, Gert-Jan; Gerhardus, Ansgar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Objectives Social and cultural aspects are rarely assessed in health technology assessments (HTA), despite being part of most HTA definitions. One hypothesis for the reason why they are hardly considered in HTA is that ...
    • Progress bias versus status quo bias in the ethics of emerging science and technology 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      How should we handle ethical issues related to emerging science and technology in a rational way? This is a crucial issue in our time. On the one hand, there is great optimism with respect to technology. On the other, there ...
    • Research integrity: environment, experience, or ethos? 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten; Holm, Søren (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background: Research integrity has gained attention in the general public as well as in the research community. We wanted to investigate knowledge, attitudes, and practices amongst researchers that have recently finished ...
    • Why we don't need "unmet needs"! On the concepts of unmet need and severity in health-care priority setting 

      Sandman, Lars; Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In health care priority setting different criteria are used to reflect the relevant values that should guide decision-making. During recent years there has been a development of value frameworks implying the use of multiple ...