• Cytokine responses, microbial aetiology and short-term outcome in community-acquired pneumonia 

      Siljan, William Ward; Holter, Jan Cato; Nymo, Ståle Haugset; Husebye, Einar; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background The inflammatory response to community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is orchestrated through activation of cytokine networks and the complement system. We examined the association of multiple cytokines and the ...
    • Elevated plasma sTIM-3 levels in patients with severe COVID-19 

      Ueland, Thor; Heggelund, Lars; Lind, Andreas; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Tonby, Kristian; Michelsen, Annika; Jenum, Synne; Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nordøy, Ingvild; Aanensen Fraz, Mai Sasaki; Paulsen, Else Quist; Pischke, Soeren; Johal, Simreen Kaur; Hesstvedt, Liv; Bogen, Mette; Fevang, Børre; Halvorsen, Bente; Müller, Fredrik; Bekken, Gry Kloumann; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Aukrust, Pål; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Holter, Jan Cato (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background The pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is still incompletely understood, but it seems to involve immune activation and immune dysregulation. Objective We examined the parameters of activation ...
    • Increased interleukin-6 and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 are associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 

      Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Holter, Jan Cato; Christensen, Erik; Schjalm, Camilla; Tonby, Kristian; Pischke, Soeren; Jenum, Synne; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nur, Sarah; Lind, Andreas; Opsand, Hanne; Enersen, Tone Burvald; Grøndahl, Ragnhild; Hermann, Anne; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Müller, Fredrik; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      In SARS-CoV-2 infection there is an urgent need to identify patients that will progress to severe COVID-19 and may benefit from targeted treatment. In this study we analyzed plasma cytokines in COVID-19 patients and ...
    • Inflammatory biomarkers are associated with aetiology and predict outcomes in community-acquired pneumonia: Results of a 5-year follow-up cohort study 

      Siljan, William Ward; Holter, Jan Cato; Michelsen, Annika; Nymo, Stig Haugset; Lauritzen, Trine; Oppen, Kjersti; Husebye, Einar; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Biomarkers may facilitate clinical decisions in order to guide antimicrobial treatment and prediction of prognosis in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). We measured serum C-reactive protein, procalcitonin (PCT) ...
    • Low levels of immunoglobulins and mannose-binding lectin are not associated with etiology, severity, or outcome in community-acquired pneumonia 

      Siljan, William Ward; Holter, Jan Cato; Nymo, Ståle Haugset; Husebye, Einar; Ueland, Thor; Skattum, Lillemor; Bosnes, Vidar; Garred, Peter; Frøland, Stig Sophus; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background Disease severity and outcome in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) depend on the host and on the challenge of the causal microorganism(s). We measured levels of immunoglobulins (Igs) and complement in 257 ...
    • Systemic complement activation is associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 hospitalized patients 

      Holter, Jan Cato; Pischke, Soeren; de Boer, Eline; Lind, Andreas; Jenum, Synne; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Tonby, Kristian; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Sokolova, Marina; Schjalm, Camilla; Chaban, Viktoriia; Kolderup, Anette; Tran, Trung; Tollefsrud Gjølberg, Torleif; Skeie, Linda Gail; Hesstvedt, Liv; Ormåsen, Vidar; Fevang, Børre; Austad, Cathrine; Muller, Karl Erik; Fladeby, Cathrine; Holberg-Petersen, Mona; Halvorsen, Bente; Müller, Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Ueland, Thor; Andersen, Jan Terje; Lund-Johansen, Fridtjof; Heggelund, Lars; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Respiratory failure in the acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is hypothesized to be driven by an overreacting innate immune response, where the complement system is a key player. In this prospective ...