• A Proof-of-Concept Demonstration of Isolated and Encrypted Service Function Chains 

      Gunleifsen, Håkon; Kemmerich, Thomas; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      ontemporary Service Function Chaining (SFC), and the requirements arising from privacy concerns, call for the increasing integration of security features such as encryption and isolation across Network Function Virtualisation ...
    • A Security Policy Infrastructure for Tactical Service Oriented Architectures 

      Gkioulos, Vasileios; Wolthusen, Stephen (Chapter, 2017)
      Tactical networks are affected by multiple constraints related to the limited node characteristics and the availability of resources. These constraints within the highly dynamic tactical environment, impose significant ...
    • A Systematic Literature Review on Military Software Defined Networks 

      Gkioulos, Vasileios; Gunleifsen, Håkon; Weldehawaryat, Goitom Kahsay (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Software Defined Networking (SDN) is an evolving network architecture paradigm that focuses on the separation of control and data planes. SDN receives increasing attention both from academia and industry, across a multitude ...
    • A Tiered Control Plane Model for Service Function Chaining Isolation 

      Gunleifsen, Håkon; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Kemmerich, Thomas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      This article presents an architecture for encryption automation in interconnected Network Function Virtualization (NFV) domains. Current NFV implementations are designed for deployment within trusted domains, where overlay ...
    • Assessing Cyber Risk in Cyber-Physical Systems Using the ATT&CK Framework 

      Amro, Ahmed Walid; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Katsikas, Sokratis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Autonomous transport is receiving increasing attention, with research and development activities already providing prototype implementations. In this article we focus on Autonomous Passenger Ships (APS), which are being ...
    • Assessing Cyber Risks of an INS Using the MITRE ATT&CK Framework 

      Oruc, Aybars; Amro, Ahmed Walid; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Shipping performed by contemporary vessels is the backbone of global trade. Modern vessels are equipped with many computerized systems to enhance safety and operational efficiency. One such system developed is the integrated ...
    • Attack scenarios in critical infrastructure - Remote control of the regional electricity grid 

      Johansen, Thomas (Master thesis, 2020)
      The regional electricity grid is a central and vital component in any national electricity distribution. This grid consist of multiple cyber-physical systems (CPS) and hence is prone to attacks against any of these components, ...
    • Automated Red Teams in Maritime Cybersecurity Exercises 

      Solli, Audun Landøy (Master thesis, 2022)
      Brorparten av verdas overflate er dekka vatn og mange folk bur langs kysten. Likevel ligg maritim sektor langt bak andre teknologisektorar når ein ser med eit auge på informasjonsikkerheiten. Metodar for å teste og lære ...
    • Communication and cybersecurity for autonomous passenger ferry 

      Amro, Ahmed (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2023:137, Doctoral thesis, 2023)
      Recent innovations in the smart city and the maritime domains have led to the proposition of a new mode of transportation utilizing Autonomous Passenger Ships (APS) or ferries in inland waterways. The novelty of the APS ...
    • Communication and Cybersecurity Testbed for Autonomous Passenger Ship 

      Amro, Ahmed Walid; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Chapter, 2022)
      Many industrial sectors are undergoing a digital transformation, including maritime. New technological advancements and modes of operations are being introduced to maritime infrastructure, which includes ships, ports, and ...
    • Communication architecture for autonomous passenger ship 

      Amro, Ahmed Walid; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Katsikas, Sokratis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Novel innovations have been witnessed in the past few years in the field of technology for autonomous vehicles. These have been exploited in various applications in the maritime domain; one such application is the proposal ...
    • Connect and Protect: Requirements for Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship in Urban Passenger Transportation 

      Amro, Ahmed Walid; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Katsikas, Sokratis (Chapter, 2020)
      Recent innovations in the smart city domain include new autonomous transportation solutions such as buses and cars, while Autonomous Passenger Ships (APS) are being considered for carrying passengers across urban waterways. ...
    • Cyber Ranges and Security Testbeds: Scenarios, Functions, Tools and Architecture 

      Yamin, Muhammad Mudassar; Katt, Basel; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The first line of defense against cyber threats and cyber crimes is to be aware and get ready, e.g., through cyber security training. Training can have two forms, the first is directed towards security professionals and ...
    • Cyber Risk Assessment for SHips (CRASH) 

      Oruc, Aybars; Kavallieratos, Georgios; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Katsikas, Sokratis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      The maritime industry is undergoing a digital transformation, with an increasing integration of Information Technology (IT) and Operational Technology (OT) systems on modern vessels. Its multiple benefits notwithstanding, ...
    • Cyber risk management for autonomous passenger ships using threat-informed defense-in-depth 

      Amro, Ahmed Walid; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Recent innovations in the smart city domain have led to the proposition of a new mode of transportation utilizing Autonomous Passenger Ships (APS) or ferries in inland waterways. The novelty of the APS concept influenced ...
    • Cyber Security Training for Critical Infrastructure Protection: a Literature Review 

      Chowdhury, Nabin; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Introduction: Today, cyber-security curricula are available across educational types and levels, including a vast array of programs and modules tailored to specific sectors of industry and audiences, to allow more targeted ...
    • Cyber Situational Security Awareness Architecture (CSSA) for Industrial Control Systems 

      Hellesen, Niclas (Master thesis, 2019)
      Dette prosjektet legger grunnlaget for en cyber sikkerhets situasjonell forståelses arkitektur for industrielle kontrollsystemer. Videre svarer den på forsknings spørsmål om resultater og kontekst for penetrasjonstesting ...
    • Cyber Threats and Vulnerabilities in the Integrated Navigation System 

      Ruud, Ulrik Johansen (Master thesis, 2022)
      Det Integrerte Navigasjonssystemet (INS) er et viktig system i et maritimt fartøy. Det sørger for sikker navigering mens man er på havet. INS består av mange forskjellige typer enheter som hjelper til dette. Målet med denne ...
    • Cyber-Attacks Against the Autonomous Ship 

      Kavallieratos, Georgios; Katsikas, Sokratis; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Chapter, 2019)
      Autonomous ships transferring valuable cargoes and humans in a more efficient and cost effective manner will soon be state of the art technology. Yet, their ICT system architecture and operations have not been defined in ...
    • Cybersecurity and Safety Co-Engineering of Cyberphysical Systems—A Comprehensive Survey 

      Kavallieratos, Georgios; Katsikas, Sokratis; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Safeguarding both safety and cybersecurity is paramount to the smooth and trustworthy operation of contemporary cyber physical systems, many of which support critical functions and services. As safety and security have ...