• Blood pressure and mortality: using offspring blood pressure as an instrument for own blood pressure in the HUNT study 

      Wade, Kaitlin H; Carslake, David; Nilsen, Tom Ivar Lund; Timpson, Nicholas J.; Davey Smith, George; Romundstad, Pål Richard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Given that observational associations may be inaccurate, we used offspring blood pressure (BP) to provide alternative estimates of the associations between own BP and mortality. Observational associations between BP and ...
    • Genetic architecture of subcortical brain structures in 38,851 individuals 

      Satizabal, Claudia L.; Adams, Hieab H.H.; Hibar, Derrek; White, Charles C.; Knol, Maria J.; Stein, Jason L.; Scholz, Markus; Sargurupremraj, Muralidharan; Jahanshad, Neda; Roshchupkin, Gennady V.; Smith, Albert V.; Bis, Joshua C.; Jian, Xueqiu; Luciano, Michelle; Hofer, Edith; Teumer, Alexander; van der Lee, Sven J.; Yang, Jingyun; Yanek, Lisa R.; Lee, Tom V.; Li, Shuo; Hu, Yanhui; Koh, Jia Yu; Eicher, John D.; Desrivières, Sylvane; Arias-Vasquez, Alejandro; Chauhan, Ganesh; Athanasiu, Lavinia; Rentería, Miguel E.; Kim, Sungeun; Hoehn, David; Armstrong, Nicola J.; Chen, Qiang; Holmes, Avram J.; den Braber, Anouk; Kloszewska, Iwona; Andersson, Micael; Espeseth, Thomas; Grimm, Oliver; Abramovic, Lucija; Alhusaini, Saud; Milaneschi, Yuri; Papmeyer, Martina; Axelsson, Tomas; Ehrlich, Stefan; Roiz-Santiáñez, Roberto; Kraemer, Bernd; Håberg, Asta; Jones, Hannah J; Pike, G. Bruce; Stein, Dan J.; Stevens, Allison; Bralten, Janita; Vernooij, Meike W.; Harris, Tamara B.; Filippi, Irina; Witte, A Veronica; Guadalupe, Tulio; Wittfeld, Katharina; Mosley, Thomas H.; Becker, James T.; Doan, Nhat Trung; Hagenaars, Saskia P.; Saba, Yasaman; Cuellar-Partida, Gabriel; Amin, Najaf; Hilal, Saima; Nho, Kwangsik; Mirza-Schreiber, Nazanin; Arfanakis, Konstantinos; Becker, Diane M.; Ames, David; Goldman, Aaron L.; Lee, Phil H.; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Lovestone, Simon; Giddaluru, Sudheer; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Mattheisen, Manuel; Bohlken, Marc M.; Kasperaviciute, Dalia; Schmaal, Lianne; Lawrie, Stephen M.; Agartz, Ingrid; Walton, Esther; Tordesillas-Gutierrez, Diana; Davies, Gareth E.; Shin, Jean; Ipser, Jonathan C.; Vinke, Louis N.; Hoogman, Martine; Jia, Tianye; Burkhardt, Ralph; Klein, Marieke; Crivello, Fabrice; Janowitz, Deborah; Carmichael, Owen; Haukvik, Unn Kristin H.; Aribisala, Benjamin S.; Schmidt, Helena; Strike, Lachlan T.; Cheng, Ching-Yu; Risacher, Shannon L.; Putz, Benno; Fleischman, Debra A.; Assareh, Amelia A.; Mattay, Venkata S.; Buckner, Randy L.; Mecocci, Patrizia; Dale, Anders; Cichon, Sven; Boks, Marco P.; Matarin, Mar; Penninx, Brenda W.J.H.; Calhoun, Vince D.; Chakravarty, M. Mallar; Marquand, André F.; Macare, Christine; Kharabian Masouleh, Shahrzad; Oosterlaan, Jaap; Amouyel, Philippe; Hegenscheid, Katrin; Rotter, Jerome I.; Schork, Andrew J.; Liewald, David C.M.; de Zubicaray, Greig I.; Wong, Tien Yin; Shen, Li; Sämann, Philipp G.; Brodaty, Henry; Roffman, Joshua L.; de Geus, Eco J.C.; Tsolaki, Magda; Erk, Susanne; van Eijk, Kristel R.; Cavalleri, Gianpiero L.; Van Der Wee, Nic J.A.; McIntosh, Andrew M.; Gollub, Randy L.; Bulayeva, Kazima B.; Bernard, Manon; Richards, Jennifer S.; Himali, Jayandra J.; Loeffler, Markus; Rommelse, Nanda; Hoffmann, Wolfgang; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Valdés Hernández, Maria C.; Hansell, Narelle K.; van Erp, Theo G.M.; Wolf, Christiane; Kwok, John B.J.; Vellas, Bruno; Heinz, Andreas; Olde Loohuis, Loes M.; Delanty, Norman; Ho, Beng-Choon; Ching, Christopher R.K.; Shumskaya, Elena; Singh, Baljeet; Hofman, Albert; van der Meer, Dennis; Homuth, Georg; Psaty, Bruce M.; Bastin, Mark E.; Montgomery, Grant W.; Foroud, Tatiana M.; Reppermund, Simone; Hottenga, Jouke-Jan; Simmons, Andrew; Meyer-Lindenberg, Andreas; Cahn, Wiepke; Whelan, Christopher D; van Donkelaar, Marjolein M.J.; Yang, Qiong; Hosten, Norbert; Green, Robert C.; Thalamuthu, Anbupalam; Mohnke, Sebastian; Hulshoff Pol, Hilleke E.; Lin, Honghuang; Jack, Clifford R.; Schofield, Peter R.; Mühleisen, Thomas W.; Maillard, Pauline; Potkin, Steven G.; Wen, Wei; Fletcher, Evan; Toga, Arthur W.; Gruber, Oliver; Huentelman, Matthew; Davey Smith, George; Launer, Lenore J.; Nyberg, Lars; Jönsson, Erik Gunnar; Crespo-Facorro, Benedicto; Koen, Nastassja; Greve, Douglas N.; Uitterlinden, André G.; Weinberger, Daniel R.; Steen, Vidar Martin; Fedko, Iryna O.; Groenewold, Nynke A.; Niessen, Wiro J.; Toro, Roberto; Tzourio, Christophe; Longstreth, William T.; Ikram, M. Kamran; Smoller, Jordan W.; van Tol, Marie-Jose; Sussmann, Jessika E.; Paus, Tomáš; Lemaître, Hervé; Schroeter, Matthias L.; Mazoyer, Bernard; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Holsboer, Florian; Depondt, Chantal; Veltman, Dick J.; Turner, Jessica A.; Pausova, Zdenka; Schumann, Gunter; van Rooij, Daan; Djurovic, Srdjan; Deary, Ian J.; McMahon, Katie L; Müller-Myhsok, Bertram; Brouwer, Rachel M.; Soininen, Hilkka; Pandolfo, Massimo; Wassink, Thomas H.; Cheung, Joshua W.; Wolfers, Thomas; Martinot, Jean-Luc; Zwiers, Marcel P.; Nauck, Matthias; Melle, Ingrid; Martin, Nicholas G.; Kanai, Ryota; Westman, Eric; Kahn, René S.; Sisodiya, Sanjay M.; White, Tonya; Saremi, Arvin; van Bokhoven, Hans; Brunner, Han G.; Völzke, Henry; Wright, Margaret J.; van `t Ent, Dennis; Nöthen, Markus M.; Ophoff, Roel A.; Buitelaar, Jan K.; Fernandéz, Guillén; Sachdev, Perminder S.; Rietschel, Marcella; van Haren, Neeltje E.M.; Fisher, Simon E.; Beiser, Alexa S.; Francks, Clyde; Saykin, Andrew J.; Mather, Karen A.; Romanczuk-Seiferth, Nina; Hartman, Catharina A.; DeStefano, Anita L; Heslenfeld, Dirk J.; Weiner, Michael W.; Walter, Henrik; Hoekstra, Pieter J.; Nyquist, Paul A.; Franke, Barbara; Bennett, David A.; Grabe, Hans J.; Johnson, Andrew D.; Chen, Christopher; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Lopez, Oscar L.; Fornage, Myriam; Wardlaw, Joanna M.; Schmidt, Reinhold; DeCarli, Charles; De Jager, Philip L.; Villringer, Arno; Debette, Stéphanie; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Medland, Sarah E.; Shulman, Joshua M.; Thompson, Paul M.; Seshadri, Sudha; Ikram, M. Arfan (Journal article, 2019)
      Subcortical brain structures are integral to motion, consciousness, emotions and learning. We identified common genetic variation related to the volumes of the nucleus accumbens, amygdala, brainstem, caudate nucleus, globus ...
    • Heavier smoking increases coffee consumption: findings from a Mendelian randomization analysis 

      Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Nordestgaard, AT; Taylor, Amy E; Treur, Jorien L; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Munafo, Marcus R; Nordestgaard, BG; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Davey Smith, George (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background There is evidence for a positive relationship between cigarette and coffee consumption in smokers. Cigarette smoke increases metabolism of caffeine, so this may represent a causal effect of smoking on caffeine ...
    • Maternal Smoking in Pregnancy and Offspring Depression: A cross cohort and negative control study 

      Taylor, Amy E; Carslake, David; De Mola, Christian Loret; Rydell, Mina; Nilsen, Tom Ivar Lund; Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Horta, Bernardo Lessa; Pearson, Rebecca; Rai, Dheeraj; Galanti, Maria Rosaria; Barros, Fernando C.; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Davey Smith, George; Munafo, Marcus R (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Previous reports suggest that offspring of mothers who smoke during pregnancy have greater risk of developing depression. However, it is unclear whether this is due to intrauterine effects. Using data from the Avon ...
    • Stratification by smoking status reveals an association of CHRNA5-A3-B4 genotype with body mass index in never smokers 

      Taylor, Amy E; Morris, Richard W; Fluharty, Meg; Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Campbell, A.; Marioni, Riccardo R.; Kumari, Meena; Hällfors, Jenni; Männistö, Satu; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Kaakinen, Marika; Cavadino, Alana; Postmus, Iris; Husemoen, Lise Lotte N; Skaaby, Tea; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer Singh; Treur, Jorien L; Willemsen, Gonneke; Dale, Caroline; Wannamethee, SG; Lahti, J; Palotie, Aarno; Räikkönen, K; Kisialiou, Aliaksei; McConnachie, Alex; Padmanabhan, Sandosh; Wong, Andrew; Dalgård, Christine; Paternoster, Lavinia; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav; Tyrrell, Jessica; Horwood, John; Fergusson, D; Kennedy, Martin A; Frayling, T; Nohr, Ellen A; Christiansen, Lene; Ohm Kyvik, K; Kuh, Diana; Watt, Graham; Eriksson, Johan; Whincup, Peter H; Vink, JM; Boomsma, Dorret I; Davey Smith, George; Lawlor, Debbie A; Linneberg, Allan; Ford, Ian; Jukema, J Wouter; Power, C; Hyppönen, E; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Preisig, Martin; Borodulin, Katja; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kivimaki, Mika; Smith, BH; Hayward, Caroline; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A.; Munafo, Marcus R; Sattar, Naveed (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      We previously used a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the CHRNA5-A3-B4 gene cluster associated with heaviness of smoking within smokers to confirm the causal effect of smoking in reducing body mass index (BMI) in a ...
    • The causal role of smoking in anxiety and depression: a Mendelian randomization analysis of the HUNT study 

      Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Gunnell, David; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Davey Smith, George; Skorpen, Frank; Krokan, Hans Einar; Vatten, Lars Johan; Romundstad, Pål Richard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Cigarette smoking is strongly associated with mental illness but the causal direction of the association is uncertain. We investigated the causal relationship between smoking and symptoms of anxiety and depression in the ...
    • The influence of obesity-related factors in the etiology of renal cell carcinoma-A mendelian randomization study 

      Johansson, Mattias; Carreras-Torres, Robert; Scelo, Ghislaine; Purdue, Mark P.; Mariosa, Daniela; Muller, David C.; Timpson, Nicholas J.; Haycock, Philip C.; Brown, Kevin M.; Wang, Zhaoming; Ye, Yuanqing; Hofmann, Jonathan N.; Foll, Matthieu; Gaborieau, Valerie; Machiela, Mitchell J.; Colli, Leandro M.; Li, Peng; Garnier, Jean-Guillaume; Blanche, Helene; Boland, Anne; Burdette, Laurie; Prokhortchouk, Egor; Skryabin, Konstantin G.; Yeager, Meredith; Radojevic-Skodric, Sanja; Ognjanovic, Simona; Foretova, Lenka; Holcatova, Ivana; Janout, Vladimir; Mates, Dana; Mukeriya, Anush; Rascu, Stefan; Zaridze, David; Bencko, Vladimir; Cybulski, Cezary; Fabianova, Eleonora; Jinga, Viorel; Lissowska, Jolanta; Lubinski, Jan; Navratilova, Marie; Rudnai, Peter; Benhamou, Simone; Cancel-Tassin, Geraldine; Cussenot, Olivier; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Ljungberg, Börje; Tumkur Sitaram, Raviprakash; Häggström, Christel; Bruinsma, Fiona; Jordan, Susan J.; Severi, Gianluca; Winship, Ingrid; Hveem, Kristian; Vatten, Lars Johan; Fletcher, Tony; Larsson, Susanna C.; Wolk, Alicja; Banks, Rosamonde E.; Selby, Peter J.; Easton, Douglas F.; Andreotti, Gabriella; Beane Freeman, Laura E.; Koutros, Stella; Männistö, Satu; Weinstein, Stephanie; Clark, Peter E.; Edwards, Todd L.; Lipworth, Loren; Gapstur, Susan M.; Stevens, Victoria L.; Carol, Hallie; Freedman, Matthew L.; Pomerantz, Mark M.; Cho, Eunyoung; Wilson, Kathryn M.; Gaziano, J. Michael; Sesso, Howard D.; Freedman, Neal D.; Parker, Alexander S.; Eckel-Passow, Jeanette E.; Huang, Wen-Yi; Kahnoski, Richard J.; Lane, Brian R.; Noyes, Sabrina L.; Petillo, David; Teh, Bin Tean; Peters, Ulrike; White, Emily; Anderson, Garnet L.; Johnson, Lisa; Luo, Juhua; Buring, Julie; Lee, I-Min; Chow, Wong-Ho; Moore, Lee E.; Eisen, Timothy; Henrion, Marc; Larkin, James; Barman, Poulami; Leibovich, Bradley C.; Choueiri, Toni K.; Lathrop, G. Mark; Deleuze, Jean-François; Gunter, Marc; McKay, James D.; Wu, Xifeng; Houlston, Richard S.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Relton, Caroline; Richards, J. Brent; Martin, Richard M.; Davey Smith, George; Brennan, Paul (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Several obesity-related factors have been associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but it is unclear which individual factors directly influence risk. We addressed this question using genetic markers as ...