• Bioavailability of Macro and Micronutrients Across Global Topsoils: Main Drivers and Global Change Impacts 

      Ochoa-Hueso, Raúl; Delgado-Baquerizo, Manuel; Risch, Anita C.; Ashton, Louise; Augustine, David; Bélanger, Nicolas; Bridgham, Scott; Britton, Andrea J.; Bruckman, Viktor J.; Camarero, J. Julio; Cornelissen, Gerard; Crawford, John A.; Dijkstra, Feike A.; Diochon, Amanda; Earl, Stevan; Edgerley, James; Epstein, Howard; Felton, Andrew; Fortier, Julien; Gagnon, Daniel; Greer, Ken; Griffiths, Hannah M.; Halde, Caroline; Hanslin, Hans Martin; Harris, Lorna I.; Hartsock, Jeremy A.; Hendrickson, Paul; Hovstad, Knut Anders; Hu, Jia; Jani, Arun D.; Kent, Kelcy; Kerdraon-Byrne, Deirdre; Khalsa, Sat Darshan S.; Lai, Derrick Y. F.; Lambert, France; LaMontagne, Jalene M.; Lavergne, Stéphanie; Lawrence, Beth A.; Littke, Kim; Leeper, Abigail C.; Licht, Mark A.; Liebig, Mark A.; Lynn, Joshua; Maclean, Janet E.; Martinsen, Vegard; McDaniel, Marshall D.; McIntosh, Anne C. S.; Miesel, Jessica R.; Miller, Jim; Mulvaney, Michael J.; Moreno, Gerardo; Newstead, Laura; Pakeman, Robin J.; Pergl, Jan; Pinno, Bradley D.; Piñeiro, Juan; Quigley, Kathleen; Radtke, Troy M.; Reed, Paul; Rolo, Víctor; Rudgers, Jennifer; Rutherford, P. Michael; Sayer, Emma J.; Serrano-Grijalva, Lilia; Strack, Maria; Sukdeo, Nicole; Taylor, Andy F. S.; Truax, Benoit; Tsuji, Leonard J. S.; van Gestel, Natasja; Vaness, Brenda M.; Van Sundert, Kevin; Vítková, Michaela; Weigel, Robert; Wilton, Meaghan J.; Yano, Yuriko; Teen, Ewing; Bremer, Eric (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Understanding the chemical composition of our planet's crust was one of the biggest questions of the 20th century. More than 100 years later, we are still far from understanding the global patterns in the bioavailability ...
    • Biochar amendment for improved and more sustainable peat stabilisation 

      Ritter, Stefan; Paniagua Lopez, Ana Priscilla; Hansen, Caroline Berge; Cornelissen, Gerard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Carbon-intensive binders such as cement are traditionally employed to stabilise peat. Few studies have investigated alternative materials such as biochar to improve peat stability while simultaneously sequestering carbon ...
    • The decomposition and emission factors of a wide range of PFAS in diverse, contaminated organic waste fractions undergoing dry pyrolysis 

      Sørmo, Erlend; Varela, Gabriela Castro; Hubert, Michel; Licul-Kucera, Viktória; Quintanilla, Marjorie; Asimakopoulos, Alexandros; Cornelissen, Gerard; Arp, Hans Peter Heinrich (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Current treatment options for organic waste contaminated with per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are generally limited to incineration, composting or landfilling, all resulting in emissions. Dry pyrolysis is a ...
    • Distribution of PAHs, PCBs, and PCDD/Fs in products from full-scale relevant pyrolysis of diverse contaminated organic waste 

      Sørmo, Erlend; Krahn, Katinka Muri; Flatabø, Gudny Øyre; Hartnik, Thomas; Arp, Hans Peter Heinrich; Cornelissen, Gerard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Biomass pyrolysis is the anoxic thermal conversion of biomass into a carbon rich, porous solid, often called biochar. This could be a better waste management alternative for contaminated organic wastes than incineration, ...
    • Emissions and Char Quality of Flame-Curtain"Kon Tiki" Kilns for Farmer-Scale Charcoal/Biochar Production 

      Cornelissen, Gerard; Pandit, Naba Raj; Taylor, Paul; Pandit, Bishnu Hari; Sparrevik, Magnus; Schmidt, Hans Peter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-05-18)
      Pyrolysis of organic waste or woody materials yields charcoal, a stable carbonaceous product that can be used for cooking or mixed into soil, in the latter case often termed "biochar". Traditional kiln technologies for ...
    • Influence of spatial differentiation in impact assessment for LCA-based decision support: implementation of biochar technology in Indonesia 

      Owsianiak, Mikolaj; Cornelissen, Gerard; Hale, Sarah; Lindhjem, Henrik; Sparrevik, Magnus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Spatial differentiation in evaluation of environmental impacts in life cycle assessment (LCA) may give more accurate and realistic results, especially in cases where impacts occur at a local or regional scale and where ...
    • Life-cycle assessment of biochar production systems in tropical rural areas: Comparing flame curtain kilns to other production methods 

      Smebye, Andreas; Sparrevik, Magnus; Schmidt, Hans Peter; Cornelissen, Gerard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      A life-cycle assessment (LCA) using end point methods was performed for the generation and sequestration of one kg biochar by various pyrolysis methods suitable for rural tropical conditions. Flame curtain kilns, a novel, ...
    • Limited mobility of dioxins near San Jacinto super fund site (waste pit) in the Houston Ship Channel, Texas due to strong sediment sorption 

      Louchouarn, Patrick; Seward, Shaya M.; Cornelissen, Gerard; Arp, Hans Petter Heinrich; Yeager, Kevin M.; Brinkmeyer, Robin; Santschi, Peter H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Sediments from a waste pit in Houston Ship Channel (HSC) were characterized using a number of molecular markers of natural organic matter fractions (e.g., pyrogenic carbon residues, PAHs, lignins), in addition to dioxins, ...
    • Sewage sludge biochars as effective PFAS-sorbents 

      Krahn, Kathinka M.; Cornelissen, Gerard; Castro, Gabriela; Arp, Hans Peter; Asimakopoulos, Alexandros; Wolf, Raoul; Holmstad, Rune; Zimmerman, Andrew R.; Sørmo, Erlend (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The use of sewage sludge to produce biochar-based sorbents for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) removal from water and soil may be an economically and environmentally sustainable waste management option. This ...
    • Stabilisation of Soft Clay, Quick Clay and Peat by Industrial By-Products and Biochars 

      Hov, Sølve; Paniagua Lopez, Ana Priscilla; Sætre, Christian; Long, Michael; Cornelissen, Gerard; Ritter, Stefan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The stabilisation of soft soils using the traditional binders cement and quicklime are known to emit large amounts of carbon dioxide. To reduce this carbon footprint, substitutes such as industrial by-products have been ...
    • Use of life cycle assessments to evaluate the environmental footprint of contaminated sediment remediation 

      Sparrevik, Lars Magnus; Saloranta, Tuomo; Cornelissen, Gerard; Eek, Espen; Fet, Annik Magerholm; Breedveld, Gijs D.; Linkov, Igor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Ecological and human risks often drive the selection of remedial alternatives for contaminated sediments. Traditional human and ecological risk assessment (HERA) includes assessing risk for benthic organisms and aquatic ...