• Black-legged kittiwakes as messengers of Atlantification in the Arctic 

      Vihtakari, Mikko; Welcker, Jorg; Moe, Børge; Chastel, Olivier; Tartu, Sabrina; Hop, Haakon; Bech, Claus; Descamps, Sébastien; Gabrielsen, Geir W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Climate warming is rapidly altering marine ecosystems towards a more temperate state on the European side of the Arctic. However, this “Atlantification” has rarely been confirmed, as long-term datasets on Arctic marine ...
    • Corticosterone mediates carry-over effects between breeding and migration in the kittiwake Rissa tridactyla 

      Schultner, Jannik; Moe, Børge; Chastel, Olivier; Tartu, Sabrina; Bech, Claus; Kitaysky, Alexander S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Carry-over effects, i.e. when processes in one season influence processes in the next, are believed to have important effects on behavior and fitness in animals. Despite an increasing interest in the identification of ...
    • Exposure to oxychlordane is associated with shorter telomeres in arctic breeding kittiwakes 

      Blévin, Pierre; Angelier, Frédéric; Tartu, Sabrina; Ruault, Stéphanie; Bustamante, Paco; Herzke, Dorte; Moe, Børge; Bech, Claus; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Chastel, Olivier (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Telomeres are DNA-protein complexes located at the end of chromosomes, which play an important role in maintaining the genomic integrity. Telomeres shorten at each cell division and previous studies have shown that telomere ...
    • Mercury exposure, stress and prolactin secretion in an Arctic seabird: an experimental study 

      Tartu, Sabrina; Bustamante, Paco; Angelier, Frédéric; Lendvai, Adam Z.; Moe, Børge; Blévin, Pierre; Bech, Claus; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Chastel, Olivier (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Life-history theory predicts that long-lived organisms should reduce parental effort under inclement environmental conditions in order to favour long-term survival. Seabirds are long-lived top predators often exposed to ...
    • Migration and stress during reproduction govern telomere dynamics in a seabird 

      Schultner, Jannik; Moe, Børge; Chastel, Olivier; Bech, Claus; Kitaysky, Alexander S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Changes in telomere length are believed to reflect changes in physiological state and life expectancy in animals. However, much remains unknown about the determinants of telomere dynamics in wild populations, and specifically ...
    • Multiple aspects of plasticity in clutch size vary among populations of a globally distributed songbird 

      Westneat, David; Bokony, Veronika; Burke, Terry; Chastel, Olivier; Jensen, Henrik; Kvalnes, Thomas; Lendvai, Adam Z.; Liker, Andras; Mock, Douglas; Schroeder, Julia; Schwagmeyer, P. L.; Sorci, Gabriele; Stewart, Ian R. K. (Journal article, 2014)
      Plasticity in life-history characteristics can influence many ecological and evolutionary phenomena, including how invading organisms cope with novel conditions in new locations or how environmental change affects organisms ...
    • Perfluorinated substances and telomeres in an Arctic seabird: Cross-sectional and longitudinal approaches 

      Blévin, Pierre; Angelier, Frédéric; Tartu, Sabrina; Bustamante, Paco; Herzke, Dorte; Moe, Børge; Bech, Claus; Gabrielsen, Geir Wing; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Chastel, Olivier (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Telomeres are non-coding DNA repeats located at the termini of eukaryotic chromosomes, regulated by dynamic processes balancing shortening and maintenance. Despite a mechanism to slow-down telomere shortening, cell division ...
    • Survival rate and breeding outputs in a high Arctic seabird exposed to legacy persistent organic pollutants and mercury 

      Goutte, Aurélie; Barbraud, Christophe; Herzke, Dorte; Bustamante, Paco; Angelier, Frédéric; Tartu, Sabrina; Clement-Chastel, Celine; Moe, Børge; Bech, Claus; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Chastel, Olivier (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Chronic exposure to pollutants may represent a threat for wildlife.We tested whether adult survival rate, breeding probability and breeding success the year of sampling and the following year were affected by blood levels ...
    • Temporal variation in circulating concentrations of organochlorine pollutants in a pelagic seabird breeding in the high arctic 

      Bustnes, Jan Ove; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Moe, Børge; Herzke, Dorte; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Sagerup, Kjetil; Bech, Claus; Nordstad, Tore; Chastel, Olivier; Tartu, Sabrina; Gabrielsen, Geir W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The present study explored short-term temporal variations in circulating concentrations of 3 legacy organochlorines with different physicochemical properties (polychlorinated biphenyl 153 [PCB-153], p,p0-dichlorodiphenyl ...
    • The stress of being contaminated? Adrenocortical function and reproduction in relation to persistent organic pollutants in female black legged kittiwakes 

      Tartu, Sabrina; Angelier, Frédéric; Herzke, Dorte; Moe, Børge; Bech, Claus; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Chastel, Olivier (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      High levels of environmental pollutants such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) including PCB and DDT have been found in the Arctic and many of those pollutants may impair reproduction through endocrine disruption. ...
    • Thyroid hormones correlate with basal metabolic rate but not field metabolic rate in a wild bird species 

      Welcker, Jorg Otto; Chastel, Olivier; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Guillaumin, Jerome; Kitaysky, Alexander S.; Speakman, John R.; Tremblay, Yann; Bech, Claus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Thyroid hormones (TH) are known to stimulate in vitro oxygen consumption of tissues in mammals and birds. Hence, in many laboratory studies a positive relationship between TH concentrations and basal metabolic rate (BMR) ...
    • Trans-Equatorial Migration Routes, Staging Sites and Wintering Areas of a High-Arctic Avian Predator: The Long-tailed Skua (Stercorarius longicaudus) 

      Gilg, Olivier; Moe, Børge; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Schmidt, Niels Martin; Sittler, Benoit; Hansen, Jannik; Reneerkens, Jeroen; Sabard, Brigitte; Chastel, Olivier; Moreau, Jérôme; Phillips, Richard A.; Oudman, Thomas; Biersma, Elisabeth M.; Fenstad, Anette; Lang, Johannes; Bollache, Loïc (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The Long-tailed Skua, a small (,300 g) Arctic-breeding predator and seabird, is a functionally very important component of the Arctic vertebrate communities in summer, but little is known about its migration and winter ...