• Assessing gender discrimination during infancy and childhood using twins: The case of rural Spain, 1750-1950 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Marco-Gracia, Francisco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      This article uncovers the existence of discriminatory practices in pre-industrial Spain by examining the fate of twins. The analysis of the complete parish registers of a small rural area (17 villages) shows that female ...
    • Capital humano y desigualdad territorial. El proceso de alfabetización en los municipios españoles desde la ley Moyano hasta la Guerra Civil. 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Díez-Minguela, Alfonso; Martínez-Galarraga, Julio; Tirado-Fabregat, Daniel (Estudios de Historia Económica;, Book, 2019)
    • Death, sex, and fertility: female infanticide in rural Spain, 1750–1950 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Marco-Gracia, Francisco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Relying on longitudinal micro data from rural Spain between 1750 and 1950, this article evidences that families mortally neglected a significant fraction of their female babies. Firstly, baptism records exhibited exceptionally ...
    • Family patriarchy and child sex ratios in historical Europe 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Szoltysek, Mikolaj; Ogórek, Bartosz; Gruber, Siegfried (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Although recent findings suggest that gender-discriminatory practices unduly increased female mortality rates during infancy and childhood in historical Europe, especially in Southern and Eastern Europe, there is little ...
    • Inequality and education in pre-industrial economies: Evidence from Spain 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Martínez-Galarraga, Julio (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      This article contributes to the debate on institutions and economic development by examining the historical link between land access inequality and education. Using information from the 464 districts existent in mid-19th ...
    • Inequality and poverty in a developing economy: Evidence from regional data (Spain, 1860-1930) 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Martínez-Galarraga, Julio (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      This article measures inequality at the provincial level in Spain for different benchmark years between 1860 and 1930. It then empirically assesses the relationship between economic growth and inequality. The results confirm ...
    • ‘Missing girls’ in historical Europe: reopening the debate 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Szoltysek, Mikolaj (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Recent research argues that discriminatory practices unduly inflated female excess mortality during infancy and childhood in historical Europe. This article reviews the existing evidence by (1) evaluating the sources that ...
    • Sex ratios and gender discrimination in Modern Greece 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Raftakis, Michail (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      This paper argues that son preference resulted in gender-based discriminatory practices that unduly increased mortality rates for females at birth and throughout infancy and childhood in nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century ...
    • The shadow of cities: size, location and the spatial distribution of population 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Díez-Minguela, Alfonso; Martinez-Galarraga, Julio (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Using a large dataset on the population of Spanish municipalities between 1877 and 2001, this paper analyses how their initial size and the presence of neighbouring urban locations influence subsequent population growth ...
    • Son preference, gender discrimination and missing girls in rural Spain, 1750-1950 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Marco-Gracia, Francisco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Relying on longitudinal microdata from a Spanish rural region between 1750 and 1950 (almost 35,000 life courses), this article provides evidence that discriminatory practices affected sex-specific mortality during infancy ...
    • Tracing the evolution of agglomeration economies: Spain, 1860-1991 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Díez-Minguela, Alfonso; Martínez-Galarraga, Julio (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Using district population in Spain between 1860 and 1991, recorded approximately every decade, this article examines whether initial population affects subsequent population growth. While such a relationship between these ...
    • Two stories, one fate: Age-heaping and literacy in Spain, 1877-1930 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Díez-Minguela, Alfonso; Martínez-Galarraga, Julio; Tirado-Fabregat, Daniel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      This study looks at human capital in Spain during the early stages of modern economic growth. We have assembled a new dataset for age-heaping and literacy in Spain with information about men and women from six population ...
    • The uneven transition towards universal literacy in Spain, 1860–1930 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Díez-Minguela, Alfonso; Martínez-Galarraga, Julio; Tirado-Fabregat, Daniel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      This study provides new evidence on the advance of literacy in Spain during the period 1860–1930. A novel dataset, built with historical information from the Spanish population censuses (over 8000 municipalities), enables ...
    • What explains the missing girls in 19th-century Spain? 

      Beltrán Tapia, Francisco Javier; Gallego-Martínez, Domingo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Infant and childhood sex ratios in nineteenth‐century Spain were abnormally high, thus pointing to some sort of unexplained excess female mortality. This article analyses internal regional variation and shows that certain ...