• Activin A inhibits BMP-signaling by binding ACVR2A and ACVR2B 

      Olsen, Oddrun Elise; Wader, Karin Fahl; Hella, Hanne; Mylin, Anne K.; Turesson, Ingemar; Nesthus, Ingerid; Waage, Anders; Sundan, Anders; Holien, Toril (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Background: Activins are members of the TGF-β family of ligands that have multiple biological functions in embryonic stem cells as well as in differentiated tissue. Serum levels of activin A were found to be elevated ...
    • Bone morphogenetic protein-9 suppresses growth of myeloma cells by signaling through ALK2 but is inhibited by endoglin 

      Olsen, Oddrun Elise; Wader, Karin Fahl; Misund, Kristine; Våtsveen, Thea Kristin; Rø, Torstein Baade; Mylin, Anne K.; Turesson, I; Størdal, Berit Fladvad; Moen, Siv Helen; Standal, Therese; Waage, Anders; Sundan, Anders; Holien, Toril (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Multiple myeloma is a malignancy of plasma cells predominantly located in the bone marrow. A number of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) induce apoptosis in myeloma cells in vitro, and with this study we add BMP-9 to the ...
    • BRAF V600E mutation in early-stage multiple myeloma: good response to broad acting drugs and no relation to prognosis 

      Rustad, Even Holth; Dai, Hong Yan; Hov, Håkon; Coward, Eivind; Beisvag, Vidar; Myklebost, Ola; Hovig, Eivind; Nakken, Sigve; Vodak, Daniel; Meza-Zepeda, Leonardo A.; Sandvik, Arne Kristian; Wader, Karin Fahl; Misund, Kristine; Sundan, Anders; Aarset, Harald; Waage, Anders (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      In this study, we analyzed the prevalence and clone size of BRAF V600E mutation in 209 patients with multiple myeloma and related the results to clinical phenotype, response and survival. Biopsies were screened for BRAF ...
    • Chemerin is elevated in multiple myeloma patients and is expressed by stromal cells and pre-adipocytes 

      Westhrin, Marita; Moen, Siv Helen; Kristensen, Ida Bruun; Buene, Glenn; Mylin, Anne Kærsgaard; Turesson, Ingemar; Abildgaard, Niels; Waage, Anders; Standal, Therese (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Chemerin is a recently discovered adipokine shown to be involved in both inflammatory and metabolic processes. Here, we demonstrate that chemerin serum levels are elevated in patients with multiple myeloma and that it ...
    • Comparson og two methods for evaluation of tumor mass in multiple myeloma 

      Thyness, Cathinka (Master thesis, 2016)
      Background: The size of malignant tumours are in many instances proven or thought to mirror the risk of progression and/or death. In multiple myeloma, tumour cell mass can not be directly measured as the cells do not adhere ...
    • CONGENITAL THROMBOTIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA AND ADAMTS13 MUTATIONS IN NORWAY: Studies on epidemiology, genotype and phenotype 

      von Krogh, Anne Sophie (Doctoral thesis at NTNU;2016:148, Doctoral thesis, 2016)
      Trombotisk trombocytopenisk purpura (TTP) er en livstruende tilstand som er kjennetegnet ved trombosering (tilstopping) av små blodkar i ulike organer i kroppen samtidig som man blir blodfattig og kan få blødningstendens ...
    • Erythropoietin (EPO)-receptor signaling induces cell death of primary myeloma cells in vitro 

      Våtsveen, Thea Kristin; Sponaas, Anne Marit; Tian, Erming; Zhang, Qing; Misund, Kristine; Sundan, Anders; Børset, Magne; Waage, Anders; Brede, Gaute (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: Multiple myeloma is an incurable complex disease characterized by clonal proliferation of malignant plasma cells in a hypoxic bone marrow environment. Hypoxia-dependent erythropoietin (EPO)-receptor (EPOR) ...
    • Genetic biomarkers in multiple myeloma 

      Rustad, Even Holth (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2019: 223, Doctoral thesis, 2019)
      Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow that accounts for 2 % of cancer cases globally. Improved understanding of the molecular basis of this disease has resulted in new treatment options and prolonged ...
    • Genome-wide association study identifies multiple susceptibility loci for multiple myeloma 

      Mitchell, Jonathan S; Li, Ni; Weinhold, Niels; Försti, Asta; Ali, Mina; Van Duin, Mark; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Johnson, David C; Chen, Bowang; Halvarsson, Britt-Marie; Gudbjartsson, Daniel F.; Kuiper, Rowan; Stephens, Owen W; Bertsch, Uta; Broderick, Peter; Campo, Chiara; Einsele, Hermann; Gregory, Walter A; Gullberg, Urban; Henrion, Marc; Hillengass, Jens; Hoffmann, Per; Jackson, Graham H.; Johnsson, Ellinor; Jöud, Magnus; Kristinsson, Sigurdur Y; Lenhoff, Stig; Lenive, Oleg; Mellqvist, Ulf-Henrik; Migliorini, Gabriele; Nahi, Hareth; Nelander, Sven; Nickel, Jolanta; Nothen, Markus M; Rafnar, Thorunn; Ross, Fiona M; Da Silva Filho, Miguel Inacio; Swaminathan, Bhairavi; Thomsen, Hauke; Turesson, Ingemar; Vangsted, Annette; Vogel, Ulla; Waage, Anders; Walker, Brian A; Wihlborg, Anna-Karin; Broyl, Annemiek; Davies, Faith E; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Langer, Christian; Hansson, Markus; Kaiser, Martin; Sonneveld, Pieter; Stefansson, Kari; Morgan, Gareth J; Goldschmidt, Hartmut; Hemminki, Kari; Nilsson, Björn; Houlston, Richard S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy with a significant heritable basis. Genome-wide association studies have transformed our understanding of MM predisposition, but individual studies have had limited power ...
    • Hypoxia promotes IL-32 expression in myeloma cells, and high expression is associated with poor survival and bone loss 

      Zahoor, Muhammad; Westhrin, Marita; Aass, Kristin Roseth; Moen, Siv Helen; Misund, Kristine; Psonka-Antonczyk, Katarzyna Maria; Giliberto, Mariaserena; Buene, Glenn; Sundan, Anders; Waage, Anders; Sponaas, Anne-Marit; Standal, Therese (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic cancer characterized by expansion of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow. Most patients develop an osteolytic bone disease, largely caused by increased osteoclastogenesis. The ...
    • Identification of multiple risk loci and regulatory mechanisms influencing susceptibility to multiple myeloma 

      Went, Molly; Sud, Amit; Försti, Asta; Halvarsson, Britt-Marie; Weinhold, Niels; Kimber, Scott; van Duin, Mark; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Holroyd, Amy; Johnson, David C.; Li, Ni; Orlando, Giulia; Law, Philip J.; Ali, Mina; Chen, Bowang; Mitchell, Jonathan S.; Gudbjartsson, Daniel F.; Kuiper, Rowan; Stephens, Owen W.; Bertsch, Uta; Broderick, Peter; Campo, Chiara; Bandapalli, Obul R.; Einsele, Hermann; Gregory, Walter A.; Gullberg, Urban; Hillengass, Jens; Hoffmann, Per; Jackson, Graham H.; Jöckel, Karl-Heinz; Johnsson, Ellinor; Kristinsson, Sigurður Y.; Mellqvist, Ulf-Henrik; Nahi, Hareth; Easton, Douglas; Pharoah, Paul; Dunning, Alison; Peto, Julian; Canzian, Federico; Swerdlow, Anthony; Eeles, Rosalind A.; Kote-Jarai, ZSofia; Muir, Kenneth; Pashayan, Nora; Nickel, Jolanta; Nöthen, Markus M.; Rafnar, Thorunn; Ross, Fiona M.; da Silva Filho, Miguel Inacio; Thomsen, Hauke; Turesson, Ingemar; Vangsted, Annette; Andersen, Niels Frost; Waage, Anders; Walker, Brian A.; Wihlborg, Anna-Karin; Broyl, Annemiek; Davies, Faith E.; Thorsteinsdóttir, Unnur; Langer, Christian; Hansson, Markus; Goldschmidt, Hartmut; Kaiser, Martin; Sonneveld, Pieter; Stefansson, Kari; Morgan, Gareth J.; Hemminki, Kari; Nilsson, Björn; Houlston, Richard S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have transformed our understanding of susceptibility to multiple myeloma (MM), but much of the heritability remains unexplained. We report a new GWAS, a meta-analysis with previous ...
    • Identification of the source of elevated hepatocyte growth factor levels in multiple myeloma patients 

      Rampa, Christoph Samuel; Tian, Erming; Våtsveen, Thea Kristin; Buene, Glenn; Slørdahl, Tobias Schmidt; Børset, Magne; Waage, Anders; Sundan, Anders (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a pleiotropic cytokine which can lead to cancer cell proliferation, migration and metastasis. In multiple myeloma (MM) patients it is an abundant component of the bone marrow. ...
    • Intracellular glutathione determines bortezomib cytotoxicity in multiple myeloma cells 

      Starheim, Kristian Kobbenes; Holien, Toril; Misund, Kristine; Johansson, Ida; Baranowska, Katarzyna Anna; Sponaas, Anne Marit; Hella, Hanne; Buene, Glenn; Waage, Anders; Sundan, Anders; Bjørkøy, Geir (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Multiple myeloma (myeloma in short) is an incurable cancer of antibody-producing plasma cells that comprise 13% of all hematological malignancies. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has improved treatment significantly, ...
    • Lenalidomide versus lenalidomide + dexamethasone prolonged treatment after second-line lenalidomide + dexamethasone induction in multiple myeloma 

      Lund, Johan; Gruber, Astrid; Lauri, Birgitta; Duru, Adil Doganay; Blimark, Cecilie; Swedin, Agneta; Hansson, Markus; Forsberg, Karin; Ahlberg, Lucia; Carlsson, Conny; Waage, Anders; Gimsing, Peter; Vangsted, Annette Juul; Frølund, Ulf; Holmberg, Erik; Gahrton, Gösta C.A.; Alici, Evren; Hardling, Mats; Mellqvist, Ulf-Henrik; Nahi, Hareth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Lenalidomide (Len) plus dexamethasone (Dex) is approved for the treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). It is possible that single‐agent Len may be effective as prolonged treatment regimen in RRMM once ...
    • Marevan® som sekundær VTE-profylakse 

      Nesje, Øyvind Vestermo; Vik, Alexander Berge (Master thesis, 2013)
      Bakgrunn: 25-50% av venøse tromboembolismer (VTE) regnes som uprovoserte. Mange av disse pasientene er kandidater for livslang antikoagulasjonsbehandling. Nye retningslinjer for behandling av disse pasientene er i ferd med ...
    • Monitoring multiple myeloma by quantification of recurrent mutations in serum 

      Rustad, Even Holth; Coward, Eivind; Skytøen, Emilie R; Misund, Kristine; Holien, Toril; Standal, Therese; Børset, Magne; Beisvag, Vidar; Myklebost, Ola; Meza, Leonardo Zepeda; Hong, Yan Dai; Sundan, Anders; Waage, Anders (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Circulating tumor DNA is a promising biomarker to monitor tumor load and genome alterations. We explored the presence of circulating tumor DNA in multiple myeloma patients and its relation to disease activity during long-term ...
    • Multiple Myeloma-study of cellular sensitivity to proteasome inhibitors 

      Baranowska, Katarzyna Anna (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2018:273, Doctoral thesis, 2018)
      Myelomatose (benmargskreft) – en studie av kreftcellenes følsomhet for kreftmedisiner i gruppen proteasomhemmere Myelomatose er en kreftform som utvikler seg i beinmargen og karakteriseres av ukontrollert vekst av de ...
    • MYC amplifications in myeloma cell lines; correlation with MYC-inhibitor efficacy 

      Holien, Toril; Misund, Kristine; Olsen, Oddrun Elise; Baranowska, Katarzyna Anna; Buene, Glenn; Børset, Magne; Waage, Anders; Sundan, Anders (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      In multiple myeloma, elevated MYC expression is related to disease initiation and progression. We found that in myeloma cell lines, MYC gene amplifications were common and correlated with MYC mRNA and protein. In primary ...
    • Optimization and Validation of Digital Droplet PCR assays for Detection of circulating tumor DNA in serum/plasma from patients with Multiple Myeloma 

      Skytøen, Emilie Ranheim (Master thesis, 2017)
      Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) has been shown as a promising biomarker for monitoring several tumor types. We want to study the use of ctDNA in monitoring multiple myeloma, by use of digital droplet PCR (ddPCR). The objective ...
    • PDL1 expression on plasma and dendritic cells in myeloma bone marrow suggests benefit of targeted anti PD1-PDL1 therapy 

      Sponaas, Anne-Marit; Nejati Moharrami, Neda; Feyzi, Emadoldin; Standal, Therese; Rustad, Even Holth; Waage, Anders; Sundan, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      In this study we set out to investigate whether anti PDL1 or PD–1 treatment targeting the immune system could be used against multiple myeloma. DCs are important in regulating T cell responses against tumors. We therefore ...