Intelligent colocation of HPC workloads
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonJournal of Parallel and Distributed Computing. 2021, 151 125-137. 10.1016/j.jpdc.2021.02.010
Many HPC applications suffer from a bottleneck in the shared caches, instruction execution units, I/O or memory bandwidth, even though the remaining resources may be underutilized. It is hard for developers and runtime systems to ensure that all critical resources are fully exploited by a single application, so an attractive technique for increasing HPC system utilization is to colocate multiple applications on the same server. When applications share critical resources, however, contention on shared resources may lead to reduced application performance. In this paper, we show that server efficiency can be improved by first modeling the expected performance degradation of colocated applications based on measured hardware performance counters, and then exploiting the model to determine an optimized mix of colocated applications. This paper presents a new intelligent resource manager and makes the following contributions: (1) a new machine learning model to predict the performance degradation of colocated applications based on hardware counters and (2) an intelligent scheduling scheme deployed on an existing resource manager to enable application co-scheduling with minimum performance degradation. Our results show that our approach achieves performance improvements of 7 % (avg) and 12 % (max) compared to the standard policy commonly used by existing job managers.