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dc.contributor.authorXu, Shanshan
dc.contributor.authorHansen, Solrunn
dc.contributor.authorSripada, Kam
dc.contributor.authorAarsland, Torbjørn
dc.contributor.authorHorvat, Milena
dc.contributor.authorMazej, Darja
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez, Marisa V.
dc.contributor.authorOdland, Jon Øyvind
dc.description.abstractPregnant women’s levels of toxic and essential minerals have been linked to birth outcomes yet have not been adequately investigated in South America. In Argentina, n = 696 maternal whole blood samples from Ushuaia (n = 198) and Salta (n = 498) were collected in 2011–2012 among singleton women at 36 ± 12 h postpartum and analyzed for blood concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn). This study examined the associations between maternal elements levels and birth outcomes, and sociodemographic factors contributing to elements levels. Maternal age, parity, body mass index, smoking, and education were linked to concentrations of some but not all elements. In adjusted models, one ln-unit increase in Pb levels was associated with increased gestational age (0.2 weeks, 95% CI = 0.01–0.48) and decreased birth weight (−88.90 g, 95% CI = −173.69 to −4.11) and birth length (−0.46 cm, 95% CI = −0.85 to −0.08) in the Salta sample. Toxic elements concentrations were not associated with birth outcomes in Ushuaia participants. Birth outcomes are multifactorial problems, and these findings provide a foundation for understanding how the body burden of toxic and essential elements, within the socioeconomic context, may influence birth outcomes.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleMaternal Blood Levels of Toxic and Essential Elements and Birth Outcomes in Argentina: The EMASAR Studyen_US
dc.title.alternativeMaternal Blood Levels of Toxic and Essential Elements and Birth Outcomes in Argentina: The EMASAR Studyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.source.journalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH)en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal