Effect of Mg content in the La3-xMgxNi9 battery anode alloys on the structural, hydrogen storage and electrochemical properties
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionJournal of Alloys and Compounds. 2021, 856 1-11. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.157443
The present work is focused on the studies of structure, hydrogen storage and electrochemical properties of the La3-xMgxNi9 (x = 1.0, 1.1 and 1.2) alloys as active materials of negative electrodes in the Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni/MH) batteries. A change of Mg content affects properties of the studied alloys such as the phase homogeneity, hydrogen storage and electrochemical capacities, cycle stability, and high-rate discharge performance. X-ray diffraction study shows that Mg substitution for La and annealing of the La3-xMgxNi9 alloys promotes the formation of more homogeneous materials, with a predominant formation of the target AB3 PuNi3 structure type intermetallics. The electrodes prepared from the annealed alloys show the maximum discharge capacities of ∼400 mAh g−1 at discharge current density of ∼60 mA/g. The high rate discharge-abilities (HRD) at the discharge current density of 350 mA g−1 keep high values of the remaining reversible discharge capacities, ∼86, 85 and 80%, for the La2MgNi9, La1·9Mg1·1Ni9 and La1·8Mg1·2Ni9 alloy electrodes, respectively. After 200 cycles with 100% depth of discharge (DOD), the La1·9Mg1·1Ni9 alloy electrode exhibits a very good cycling stability with its discharge capacity remaining at a level of ∼64% of its initial capacity.